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Delivery Man Foils Robbery Attempt with Pizza Box

Delivery Man Foils Robbery Attempt with Pizza Box


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An armed robber changed his mind after he was hit with a pizza box

The would-be robber chose to run away instead.

A pizza delivery man managed to foil an attempted robbery this week by using the box to defend himself.

According to the Wilmington Police Department, a Domino’s driver was lured to an address under the belief that he was making a delivery, but was met by an armed robber, who demanded money.

The driver refused, and opted instead to hit the gunman with the pizza box, according to a police spokesperson.

The robber, 25-year-old Evan Tyler Gordon, tried to flee the scene, but was soon located in the area by police. Gordon has been charged with attempted armed robbery.

Earlier this month, a Papa John’s delivery man who encountered robbers of his own was not so lucky. The two men managed to steal a $50 delivery order after choking the driver, and then ran into the woods. The driver only suffered minor injuries.


Pizza Man Kidnapping


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Pizza Delivery Man Credited With Stopping Kidnapping After .

    https://www.insideedition.com/pizza-delivery-man-credited-stopping-kidnapping-after-he-notices-woman-mouth-help-me-cops-47274
    Oct 02, 2018 · Pizza Delivery Man Credited With Stopping Kidnapping After He Notices Woman Mouth 'Help Me’: Cops . pizza delivery driver has been hailed a …

Pizza delivery man thwarts hostage situation when woman .

    https://nypost.com/2018/10/02/pizza-guy-thwarts-hostage-situation-after-seeing-victim-mouth-help-me/
    Oct 02, 2018 · A Domino's Pizza delivery man reportedly thwarted a kidnapping when he arrived at a Wisconsin home and saw the captive woman mouth "help me," officials said.

Pizza driver helps stop kidnapping attempt in Sheboygan County

    https://www.sheboyganpress.com/story/news/2018/10/01/pizza-driver-helps-stop-kidnapping-attempt-sheboygan-county/1484785002/
    Oct 01, 2018 · Pizza delivery driver helps stop kidnapping attempt in Sheboygan County. A pizza delivery driver helped alert police Thursday about a kidnapped …

Pizza delivery man kidnapped, forced to go to ATMs - CBS News

    https://www.cbsnews.com/news/pizza-delivery-man-kidnapped-forced-to-go-to-atms/
    Mar 29, 2016 · Pizza delivery man kidnapped, forced to go to ATMs. . The victim had just delivered a Domino's pizza to a home when he was approached by the armed robbers, according to …

Death of Brian Wells - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Wells_(bank_robber)
    Brian Douglas Wells (November 15, 1956 – August 28, 2003) was an American pizza delivery man who died during a complex plot involving a bank robbery, scavenger hunt and homemade explosive device near his hometown of Erie, Pennsylvania.Wells, who was surrounded by police, was killed when an explosive collar locked to his neck detonated. It is known as the "collar bomb" or "pizza bomber" case.Cause of death: Collar bomb explosion

Pizza Delivery Man Credited With Stopping Kidnapping After .

    https://news.yahoo.com/pizza-delivery-man-credited-stopping-151336687.html
    Oct 02, 2018 · Pizza Delivery Man Credited With Stopping Kidnapping After He Notices Woman Mouth 'Help Me’: Cops. More. A Wisconsin pizza delivery driver has been hailed a hero after alerting police to a woman in danger and thwarting a possible kidnapping, officials said. Joey Grundl, 24, . Author: Inside Edition Staff

Homeless man arrested for attempting to kidnap girl from .

    https://abcnews.go.com/US/homeless-man-arrested-attempting-kidnap-girl-pizza-restaurant/story?id=68226590
    Jan 12, 2020 · A homeless man has been arrested after attempting to kidnap a 6-year-old girl while she ate pizza with her family. The incident happened in Venice, …

Wisconsin pizza delivery driver calls 911 after kidnapped .

    https://www.chicagotribune.com/nation-world/ct-wisconsin-pizza-delivery-kidnapping-20181002-story.html
    Oct 02, 2018 · A pizza delivery driver in southeastern Wisconsin who saw a woman with a black eye mouthing "help me" at a delivery address is credited with alerting police to a kidnapping.

Pizza Deliveryman's 911 Call Helps Rescue Kidnap Victim

    https://www.littlethings.com/pizza-delivery-kidnapped-woman/
    Joey showed up to deliver a pizza to a customer’s house. A middle-aged man answered the door, and Joey handed him the pizza — but something caught his attention before he left.

Woman with Black Eye Alerts Pizza Man to Alleged .

    https://people.com/crime/pizza-delivery-driver-calls-police-alleged-kidnapping-victim/
    Woman With Black Eye Mouths 'Call The Police' to Pizza Delivery Man, Leading to Ex's Kidnapping Arrest this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines.

Pizza Driver Killed St Louis


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Would-be robber charged after pizza delivery driver shoots .

    https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/crime-and-courts/would-be-robber-charged-after-pizza-delivery-driver-shoots-accomplice/article_c51dc887-7b30-5447-ae29-a51890179eca.html
    LOUIS • After a pizza delivery driver fatally shot a would-be robber in St. Louis last week, authorities have charged a man they say was an accomplice in the attempted holdup.

Vigil for slain Imo’s Pizza delivery driver FOX2now.com

    https://fox2now.com/2018/07/12/vigil-for-slain-imos-pizza-delivery-driver/
    ST. LOUIS - Loved ones of an Imo's delivery driver who was killed on the job last week gathered Thursday night to hold a vigil in his honor. Dave Matthews, 31, was shot and killed while delivering .

St. Louis pizza driver kills robbery suspect during .

    https://www.foxnews.com/us/st-louis-pizza-driver-kills-robbery-suspect-during-delivery-police-say
    Dec 03, 2017 · A St. Louis pizza driver shot and killed a 17-year-old youth who police said was one of two suspects trying to rob him during a delivery Thursday night.

Imo's delivery driver dies after shooting in Tower Grove .

    https://www.ksdk.com/article/news/crime/imos-delivery-driver-dies-after-shooting-in-tower-grove-south/63-571845637
    ST. LOUIS — An Imo's Pizza delivery driver died Sunday, four days after a shooting in south St. Louis. Family members told 5 On Your Side David Matthews died Sunday morning at the hospital .

Pizza delivery man shot, remains in critical condition .

    https://fox2now.com/2018/07/05/pizza-delivery-man-shot-remains-in-critical-condition/
    Jul 05, 2018 · ST. LOUIS – A shooting in a south St. Louis neighborhood has left a pizza delivery man fighting for his life. According to a spokesperson for the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department, the .

Imo's pizza delivery driver shot, killed ksdk.com

    https://www.ksdk.com/video/news/local/imos-pizza-delivery-driver-shot-killed/63-8183490
    Jul 09, 2018 · Imo's pizza delivery driver shot, killed. The shooting happened on the Fourth of July. . St. Louis judge tosses case against officers who shot man outside of bar, citing video evidence.

Second man arrested in killing of pizza delivery driver .

    https://www.stltoday.com/news/local/crime-and-courts/second-man-arrested-in-killing-of-pizza-delivery-driver/article_2f82b7c4-ea61-5174-af89-24c2292bb9c7.html
    May 23, 2012 · Delivery driver was killed by men who only got pizza from the robbery, police say. Law and order Man charged after fleeing St. Louis police after carjacking of delivery driver

Family and friends attend funeral for murdered pizza .

    https://www.kmov.com/news/family-and-friends-attend-funeral-for-murdered-pizza-delivery-driver/article_92d375a9-c246-5bcb-8c8b-073b732059e9.html
    David Matthews, 31, was shot, killed while delivering a pizza in South St. Louis (Credit: KMOV) Friends, family remember pizza delivery driver shot, killed while delivering pizza on Fourth of July . Author: Nicole Sanders

Two Sentenced to Prison for Killing Imo's Pizza Delivery .

    https://www.riverfronttimes.com/newsblog/2014/09/23/two-sentenced-to-prison-for-killing-imos-pizza-delivery-driver
    Sep 23, 2014 · A St. Louis County judge sentenced two of the three men who killed a pizza-delivery driver to thirteen years in prison Monday. Chester Woods, 22, …Author: Lindsay Toler

Thrill Killing – Five Thugs Murder Pizza Delivery Man For .

    https://theconservativetreehouse.com/2012/05/21/thrill-killing-five-thugs-murder-pizza-delivery-man-for-fun-and-pizza-in-st-louis/
    May 21, 2012 · Thrill Killing – Five Thugs Murder Pizza Delivery Man For Fun and Pizza in St. Louis Posted on May 21, 2012 by sundance A group of five black males murdered a white twenty year old pizza delivery man in what the race censoring media calls an “attempted robbery”.

30 Minutes, or It's Free!

A pizza is ordered. If it fails to arrive within a certain time frame, it's free! This was an advertising gimmick invented by Domino's Pizza in the 1980s, but was largely discontinued in the early 1990s because of an increase in the number of delivery drivers getting into car accidents or being pulled over for speeding and reckless driving, and also probable profit losses due to customers taking advantage over the "or it's free" part. More than two decades later, this trope has mostly fallen out of use in fiction made after the mid-1990s or so. And if a pizza place still displays such a policy nowadays, it will usually be constrained to a given area.

Can be done from the perspective of the irate customer or the put-upon delivery guy &mdash who may well have his job dependent on getting there in time. Comedic versions may have the customer attempt to stop the delivery person from getting on time to receive free pizza, or order pizza from some outrageous location in the middle of nowhere, such as the middle of the jungle, Antarctica, or the moon. Most often, the pizza still gets there on time (or two minutes late).


Contents

An IED is a bomb fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy or incapacitate personnel or vehicles. In some cases, IEDs are used to distract, disrupt, or delay an opposing force, facilitating another type of attack. [6] IEDs may incorporate military or commercially sourced explosives, and often combine both types, or they may otherwise be made with homemade explosives (HME). [ citation needed ] An HME lab refers to a Homemade Explosive Lab, or the physical location where the devices are crafted. [ citation needed ]

An IED has five components: a switch (activator), an initiator (fuse), container (body), charge (explosive), and a power source (battery). An IED designed for use against armoured targets such as personnel carriers or tanks will be designed for armour penetration, by using a shaped charge that creates an explosively formed penetrator. IEDs are extremely diverse in design and may contain many types of initiators, detonators, penetrators, and explosive loads. [ citation needed ]

Antipersonnel IEDs typically also contain fragmentation-generating objects such as nails, ball bearings or even small rocks to cause wounds at greater distances than blast pressure alone could. [ citation needed ] In the conflicts of the 21st century, anti-personnel improvised explosive devices (IED) have partially replaced conventional or military landmines as the source of injury to dismounted (pedestrian) soldiers and civilians. [ citation needed ] These injuries were reported in BMJ Open to be far worse with IEDs than with landmines resulting in multiple limb amputations and lower body mutilation. [7] This combination of injuries has been given the name "Dismounted Complex Blast Injury" and is thought to be the worst survivable injury ever seen in war. [8]

IEDs are triggered by various methods, including remote control, infrared or magnetic triggers, pressure-sensitive bars or trip wires (victim-operated). In some cases, multiple IEDs are wired together in a daisy chain to attack a convoy of vehicles [9] spread out along a roadway.

IEDs made by inexperienced designers or with substandard materials may fail to detonate, and in some cases, they detonate on either the maker or the placer of the device. Some groups, however, have been known to produce sophisticated devices constructed with components scavenged from conventional munitions and standard consumer electronics components, such as mobile phones, consumer-grade two-way radios, washing machine timers, pagers, or garage door openers. [ citation needed ] The sophistication of an IED depends on the training of the designer and the tools and materials available.

IEDs may use artillery shells or conventional high-explosive charges as their explosive load as well as homemade explosives. However, the threat exists that toxic chemical, biological, or radioactive (dirty bomb) material may be added to a device, thereby creating other life-threatening effects beyond the shrapnel, concussive blasts and fire normally associated with bombs. Chlorine liquid has been added to IEDs in Iraq, producing clouds of chlorine gas. [ citation needed ]

A vehicle-borne IED, or VBIED, is a military term for a car bomb or truck bomb but can be any type of transportation such as a bicycle, motorcycle, donkey ( DBIED [10] ), etc. They are typically employed by insurgents in particular, ISIS, [ citation needed ] and can carry a relatively large payload. They can also be detonated from a remote location. VBIED's can create additional shrapnel through the destruction of the vehicle itself and use vehicle fuel as an incendiary weapon. The act of a person's being in this vehicle and detonating it is known as an SVBIED suicide.

Of increasing popularity among insurgent forces in Iraq, is the house-borne IED, or HBIED from the common military practice of clearing houses insurgents rig an entire house to detonate and collapse shortly after a clearing squad has entered. [ citation needed ]

By warhead Edit

The Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (JCS Pub 1-02) includes two definitions for improvised devices: improvised explosive devices (IED) and improvised nuclear device (IND). [11] These definitions address the Nuclear and Explosive in CBRNe. That leaves chemical, biological and radiological undefined. Four definitions have been created to build on the structure of the JCS definition. Terms have been created to standardize the language of first responders and members of the military and to correlate the operational picture. [12]

Explosive Edit

A device placed or fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating destructive, lethal, noxious, pyrotechnic, or incendiary chemicals and designed to destroy, incapacitate, harass, or distract. It may incorporate military stores, but is normally devised from non-military components. [6]

Explosively formed penetrator/projectiles (EFPs) Edit

IEDs have been deployed in the form of explosively formed projectiles (EFP), a special type of shaped charge that is effective at long standoffs from the target (50 meters or more), however they are not accurate at long distances. This is because of how they are produced. The large "slug" projected from the explosion has no stabilization because it has no tail fins and it does not spin like a bullet from a rifle. Without this stabilization the trajectory can not be accurately determined beyond 50 meters. An EFP is essentially a cylindrical shaped charge with a machined concave metal disc (often copper) in front, pointed inward. The force of the shaped charge turns the disc into a high velocity slug, capable of penetrating the armor of most vehicles in Iraq.

Directionally focused charges Edit

Directionally focused charges (also known as directionally focused fragmentary charges depending on the construction) are very similar to EFPs, with the main difference being that the top plate is usually flat and not concave. It also is not made with machined copper but much cheaper cast or cut metal. When made for fragmentation, the contents of the charge are usually nuts, bolts, ball bearings and other similar shrapnel products and explosive. If it only consists of the flat metal plate, it is known as a platter charge, serving a similar role as an EFP with reduced effect but easier construction. [13] [14]

Chemical Edit

A device incorporating the toxic attributes of chemical materials designed to result in the dispersal of toxic chemical materials for the purpose of creating a primary patho-physiological toxic effect (morbidity and mortality), or secondary psychological effect (causing fear and behavior modification) on a larger population. Such devices may be fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised modification to an existing weapon. [ citation needed ]

Biological Edit

A device incorporating biological materials designed to result in the dispersal of vector borne biological material for the purpose of creating a primary patho-physiological toxic effect (morbidity and mortality), or secondary psychological effect (causing fear and behavior modification) on a larger population. Such devices are fabricated in a completely improvised manner. [ citation needed ]

Incendiary Edit

A device making use of exothermic chemical reactions designed to result in the rapid spread of fire for the purpose of creating a primary patho-physiological effect (morbidity and mortality), or secondary psychological effect (causing fear and behavior modification) on a larger population or it may be used with the intent of gaining a tactical advantage. Such devices may be fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised modification to an existing weapon. A common type of this is the Molotov cocktail. [ citation needed ]

Radiological Edit

A speculative device incorporating radioactive materials designed to result in the dispersal of radioactive material for the purpose of area denial and economic damage, and/or for the purpose of creating a primary patho-physiological toxic effect (morbidity and mortality), or secondary psychological effect (causing fear and behavior modification) on a larger population. Such devices may be fabricated in a completely improvised manner or may be an improvised modification to an existing nuclear weapon. Also called a Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD) or "dirty bomb". [ citation needed ]


‘Pizza thief’ walks the line

If he ever returns to prison, Jerry Dewayne Williams knows he’ll probably never get out.

To stay clear of trouble, he has left behind the Compton neighborhood where police knew him and cut ties with friends from wilder days. Once a hard partyer, the 43-year-old says he prefers the company of a mystery novel or a “Law and Order” episode on television.

Williams is one of more than 14,000 felons who, under California’s three-strikes law, face a possible life sentence if they commit another felony. But few, if any, grasp the reality of that threat better than Williams.

Fifteen years ago, the gangly laborer made worldwide headlines when he was convicted of snatching a slice of pizza from a group of children near the Redondo Beach Pier. A judge, citing California’s newly adopted three-strikes law, sentenced him to 25 years to life.

Williams -- dubbed the “pizza thief” -- became an iconic symbol in the political and ideological battle over California’s push to get tough on crime. But as the public furor over his case subsided, Williams persuaded a judge to reduce his prison term, and he was quietly released after a little more than five years behind bars.

A decade later, Williams finds himself serving a different kind of life sentence.

“I walk on eggshells,” he said. “Any little thing that I do, I could be back for the rest of my life.”

Controversial life sentences under the three-strikes law are hardly novel. Those sentenced under the law include a thief caught shoplifting a bottle of vitamins and a drug addict who swiped nine videotapes to sell for heroin.

But few cases have polarized opinion as much as Williams’ theft of an extra-large slice of pepperoni pizza. The case continues to divide today, resurfacing whenever opponents of the law launch another reform attempt.

Williams’ story since his release offers fuel to both backers and opponents of three strikes.

For opponents, Williams’ success in staying out of prison repudiates one of the central ideas behind the law: That three-strikes offenders are beyond redemption and should be locked up for life.

For supporters of the law, Williams’ efforts to avoid trouble illustrate how three strikes is working as a powerful deterrent.

Now living in Moreno Valley, Williams remains bitter about the case that brought him notoriety. But he acknowledges his role in the ongoing debate over the sentencing law.

“If I go back to jail, it proves three strikes is right -- that this is where I belong,” Williams said. “So I have to stay out.”

Staying out hasn’t always been simple.

Growing up, Williams recalls that his mother and stepfather were loving but strict. But by 18, he was already familiar to police.

In 1985, he was arrested twice on suspicion of car theft and was convicted of receiving stolen property. Over the next several years, Williams racked up convictions for drug possession, vehicle theft and robbery, serving time in jail and on probation. He was eventually sentenced to two years in prison for attempted robbery and for violating probation.

After his release in April 1993, Williams appeared to turn his life around. He passed his drug tests and found work through a temporary employment agency. Impressed, a parole officer ended Williams’ parole early in May 1994.

Two months later, on July 30, Williams headed to a bar near the Redondo Beach Pier with a group of friends.

Nearby, Mary Larson was looking for a place to eat for her sisters and her children. The adults wanted to eat at one of the fish restaurants near the pier. The four children -- ages 7 to 15 -- wanted pizza.

The parents found a pizza stand and ordered, leaving the children at an outdoor table with the eldest in charge. When the adults found a fish restaurant, Larson’s husband, Keith, went to check on the children. He returned with all four.

“Some guys stole our pizza,” the Larsons’ 15-year-old son blurted out.

Williams was arrested at a nearby arcade.

The 27-year-old Williams had stumbled into a political storm raging over how to deal with recidivists.

Public anxiety over crime had reached new heights with the 1993 killing of Polly Klaas, a 12-year-old taken at knifepoint from the bedroom of her Petaluma, Calif., home by a twice-convicted kidnapper.

In the wake of Klaas’ murder, a statewide campaign was mounted to adopt a “Three Strikes and You’re Out” law. The proposal, which went on to win overwhelming voter approval, targeted offenders with at least two serious or violent previous crimes, such as rape or robbery. Any new felony conviction triggered a prison sentence of at least 25 years to life.

As the campaign gathered momentum, the state Legislature passed a nearly identical measure in March 1994, four months before Williams’ arrest.

Opponents of the law cited Williams’ case as evidence that three strikes could produce punishments grotesquely out of proportion with the crime. Supporters of three strikes, however, denounced Williams as a poster child for the new law, pointing to his long criminal history as evidence that he had not reformed. Gov. Pete Wilson called Williams’ action “a strong-arm robbery.”

When Williams stepped into a Torrance courtroom in August 1994, he was met by television cameras and protesters.

“It was crazy,” he recalled. “I was treated like I just shot the president.”

At their home in El Segundo, the Larsons were also stunned by the reaction. The family rebuffed reporters’ offers to talk publicly about the case.

Some of their friends expressed disbelief at the prosecution until they learned who the victims were. To the Larsons, a life sentence seemed like a lot, but they also wanted the person who robbed their children to face consequences.

“I really did feel like the kids were victimized. They were terrorized there for a few minutes,” recalled Keith Larson, a former police officer and military prosecutor.

A victims’ rights groups offered to help them tell their story. But the couple just wanted the court to do its job.

At his trial, Williams disputed the children’s account, insisting that they told him he could have the pizza slice. Jurors deadlocked on robbery charges but convicted Williams of felony petty theft, enough to trigger a three-strikes sentence.

Williams’ defense attorney pleaded for leniency, calling life in prison “shockingly excessive.” The prosecutor disagreed.

“He’s had his share of second chances,” Deputy L.A. County Dist. Atty. Bill Gravlin said.

In prison, Williams said he shared a cell with a murderer who was serving a shorter sentence than his. He became known inside as the “pizza man.”

“Everybody thought that I had shot a pizza delivery man,” he recalled.

Williams had begun to accept that he would never get out when the California Supreme Court offered hope. The court ruled that judges could spare a third-striker a life sentence by overlooking previous convictions.

Scribbling on yellow legal paper, Williams wrote a letter to the judge who had sentenced him, begging him to reconsider.

I “can understand the people’s point about repeat felons,” he wrote, “but I can say that my crime life is really past history.”

On Jan. 28, 1997, Williams returned to the courtroom of Superior Court Judge Donald F. Pitts. Also returning was Gravlin, the veteran prosecutor, who objected to changing the sentence.

Standing before the judge, Gravlin unfurled a computer printout of Williams’ criminal history that extended from his outstretched arm to the floor.

“He has not learned,” Gravlin told the court. “He has not repented.”

But the judge ruled that reducing the punishment was in the interest of justice. Williams would be out in less than three more years.

In October 1999, Williams walked out of a state prison in Soledad. He moved in with a sister in Lynwood, but his prospects looked bleak. He could not find work. Some of his neighbors were selling drugs.

Fearful of returning to prison, he moved to Corcoran, Calif., to live with his mother.

Ruthie Humphrey noticed a profound change in her son. He had lost his appetite for trouble. But also gone was the fun-loving extrovert she fondly recalled. Williams was angry. He cut himself off from friends.

“He didn’t come back to me the same,” Humphrey said. “Some parts of him were still left in jail.”

In Corcoran, Williams helped his mother manage apartments. He drove a forklift at an onion plant. He pollinated fields using bees. He operated a machine at a cardboard box factory.

He began dating a local woman and moved in with her. Once again, it appeared as though Williams had turned his life around.

But in September 2003, his girlfriend called 911 and reported that Williams was verbally abusing her. A police officer arrived to find Williams moving out after a fight and demanding $150 he had paid toward the bills.

As the officer looked on, Williams told his girlfriend: “I’m going to put a bullet in your ass if I don’t get my money.”

Williams, who was unarmed, was arrested and charged with making a criminal threat, a felony that could have landed him back in prison for life. But Kings County prosecutors did not treat the crime as a third strike. Williams pleaded no contest to a misdemeanor and was released from jail after 17 days.

As part of his sentence, he was barred from leaving Kings County without permission. Nevertheless, Williams moved to Moreno Valley to live with another sister. An arrest warrant was issued and remains active.

Williams says he is different from the young man who built a lengthy criminal resume in his teens and 20s. Using long sleeves he hides old gang tattoos, including “crip or cry, high til I die” on his left arm. Since landing in Moreno Valley, he has been arrested once -- for being drunk in public -- but was released without charges being filed.

Williams says he was wrong to have approached the children on the boardwalk but still insists they let him have the pizza. He laughs at how friends tease him about his notoriety when they go out for pizza.

“I make sure people are around when I ask for it,” he said.

Williams has struggled to find steady work. No one, he says, wants to hire a felon.

“I paid my debt to society. . . . How long do I have to be punished for?” he asked. “I feel like they want to see me back in jail.”

Williams says the three-strikes law was never meant for someone like him, despite his record, and that he would be determined to stay straight even without the threat of a life sentence. But without a job, he fears he might one day slip up.

“By the grace of God, I was given a second opportunity,” he said. “But every day that goes by becomes harder.”

Gravlin, the prosecutor, retired in 2003. He recalled feeling conflicted when Williams asked to have his sentence reduced. Gravlin said he felt obliged to argue against it so the judge could consider both sides. But he also felt that Williams should serve less time.

“In hindsight . . . justice was done,” Gravlin said.

Mary and Keith Larson said they trusted in the courts to do the right thing. They harbored no hard feelings toward Williams, they said, but hope he keeps out of trouble.

“If he’s walking on eggshells or thinking, ‘I need to behave myself,’ that’s good,” Mary Larson said. “We want people behaving themselves.”


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Delivery Man Foils Robbery Attempt with Pizza Box - Recipes

Posted on 11/22/2005 10:01:34 AM PST by CHICAGOFARMER

'Excellent' police response not enough to save woman

BY MARY MITCHELL SUN-TIMES COLUMNIST

Eight minutes. According to the Chicago Police Department, it took eight minutes for police to arrive at the scene where a man had been beating his wife for 15 to 20 minutes while her children screamed and hollered. In those eight minutes last Wednesday night, Stacey D. Moyer, 29, of 3555 S. Cottage Grove, was shot and killed. After shooting his wife of only two months, Billy Earl Winborn allegedly shot himself in the head.

The tragedy happened while both of Moyer's children by previous relationships were in the apartment. Crystal Marshall, Moyer's 12-year-old daughter, called 911 repeatedly after her mother yelled out from a locked bedroom door that Winborn was hurting her.

It is unclear at what point the argument escalated into a physical fight, but Crystal told me in a phone interview that she thought it was about 7:30 p.m. when her mother yelled for her to call 911.

"The first time I called 911, I said my mother was getting beat up by my father and they needed to hurry up," Crystal said. "They told me they were on the way and they hung up."

The seventh-grader estimates that she made the second call five minutes later.

"The second time I called 911, they told me to just calm down and that the police were on 35th Street and something."

After Crystal called 911 at least twice, she called her grandmother's cell phone.

Geneva Johnson was attending a pre-Thanksgiving event with her girlfriend at the Lick Bar & Grill at 147th and Halsted in Harvey when she got Crystal's call. She estimates the call came in between 8 and 8:15 p.m.

"She said: 'Billy Earl is beating my mama,' " Johnson told me. "And I said, 'OK, I am on my way,' and I left everything right there and jumped in my truck. I am not going to lie. I broke every traffic law."

When she got to the building on Cottage Grove -- about a 20-minute trip from the Harvey location -- an ambulance was just pulling up to the building and police squad cars were blocking the street.

"I knew it was something serious," Johnson said. "I jumped out of my truck in the middle of the street and ran toward the ambulance, but a police officer grabbed me and rushed me to a police car."

According to Monique Bond, director of News Affairs for Chicago Police, the first recorded call about the domestic violence situation was at 8:25 p.m., police were dispatched at 8:26 p.m., and police squads were on the scene -- meaning at the seventh-floor apartment and trying to get into the locked bedroom door -- at 8:33. There were a total of six calls to 911 about the disturbance, Bond said.

"I can tell you eight minutes is excellent. They were at the scene in eight minutes," she said.

But in those eight minutes, Crystal and her 3-year-old sister, Phylicia, lost their mother, and Johnson lost her only daughter and best friend.

And if the first call to 911 came in at 8:25 p.m., that would mean that the fighting had gone on for nearly an hour with two children screaming and trying to kick down the bedroom door. That noise should have been enough to trigger 911 calls from others living on the same floor.

In another horrible domestic violence case that occurred in 2002, it took police officers 17 minutes to reach Ronyale White after her first 911 call. Two police officers were suspended for their slow response and White's family sued the city and police department.

Under such chaotic circumstances, it is possible that 12-year-old Crystal could have gotten confused about the time she made her first call. Still, I've met the girl. It is hard for me to believe that she would have waited nearly an hour to call 911, or that she didn't frantically call 911 until help arrived.

Besides her engulfing grief, Johnson is outraged because she feels police officers didn't show a sense of urgency, and lacked sensitivity when they did show up. She complained that one police officer on the scene blurted out in front of the hysterical kids, "I might as well tell you your daughter and her husband are dead."

I also don't understand why the 911 dispatcher didn't stay on the phone with the 12-year-old girl until the police arrived or give her some instructions about what she should do to protect herself and her little sister. Why didn't the dispatcher ask her if there were any guns in the house?

Bond couldn't answer those questions, but she said she would listen to the 911 tape to determine what was said to the girl.

We need to understand what happened in those eight minutes.

Because to a 12-year-old girl in the midst of violence, eight minutes isn't excellent. It is an eternity.

Funeral services for Stacey D. Moyer will be Saturday at A. R. Leak & Sons Funeral Home, 7838 S. Cottage Grove. Wake is 10 to 11 a.m. Funeral service follows.

If you want to really be angry at the carnage caused by "Mayor Daley Style" gun control just read Sun Times' Columnist Mary Mitchell's report of the murder of Ms. Stacey D. Moyer. Again, 911 was only useful to direct the police to the location they could then file a police report. Ms. Moyer was defenseless by law and paid the price for Mayor Daley's dangerous gun control schemes.

This is truly heart wrenching. I cannot imagine the horror those children underwent.

I would guess you still are not a "believer" but if Ms. Moyer had a chance to defend herself this whole thing might have ended a lot differently and I think deep down you know it.

The following is not meant to be trite, but rather offered as truism's in this case:

1. If you are being attacked: a) Use a gun. or b) Use a telephone. Choose one, it is your life. 2. And hard, but true: "Dial 911 and Die" http://www.jpfo.org/dial911anddie.htm

Our condolences to the Moyer family and we are particularly concerned about her children. If some fund is set up for them please let me know via email or in your column.

John Birch President Concealed Carry, Inc. Oak Brook, IL Tel: 630 660-3935

You can email Ms. Mitchell at: [email protected]

Unfortunately, I don't think that anything could have saved these people if the boyfriend/husband living in the house could physically block access to a person's means of self defense.

8 minute response time is *excellent* in Chicago, from all reports.

Unfortunately, that's about 7 minutes and 45 seconds more than your typical person needs to kill another.

You can deploy a firearm to save your life in three seconds or less.

Three seconds or eight minutes, hmmm. My question is, which has Mayor Daley decided is good for himself?

Agree, this situation was fatal from the git-go.

The husband was suicidal so the only option was for the wife
to have got to the gun first (best-case). Even if a gun were
not present the guy would have probably beat her to death.

I just glad the children weren't killed although no one can say
they weren't harmed.

Unfortunately, I don't think that anything could have saved these people if the boyfriend/husband living in the house could physically block access to a person's means of self defense.

When you read the thousands of stories where firearms were used as a defense tool, the stories will amaze the reader.

Most non firearm educated souls do you know how difficult it is to kill a person, if the attacker does not hit a vital spot.

Many children before gun locks have saved their parents, or siblings, or scared off bad guys with guns.

This beating when on for at lease 20 minutes trapped in her bedroom. Picture yourself in your bedroom with a gun in the nightstand. Do you think you could con your way to the nightstand. I bet you will bet your life you could.

Firearms are not an absolute 100% defense, but given the choice between a phone, 911, and a gun, tens of thousands perhaps millions of Americans and perhaps hundred of millions of souls on this earth would choose a firearm as a self defense tool. This concept "have a fireearm for self defense when attacked" by millions of souls on this planet destroys the myth of anti gun lover everywhere.

What color is your tee shirt?

Yes, if one of the older children had at least been taught the basics of gun safety and usage, they might have been able to defend their mother. But then again, as the adult in the house, I have control over the guns and they are not easily accessable to the kids. This was a bad situation where the real answer was for the woman to have made a better choice of men.

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Creative pizza recipes from TikTok

No matter how you slice it, pizza is the ultimate comfort food for people all over the world. Everyone has their favorite local pizza shop, but making your own homemade pizza is a great opportunity to put your own spin on pizza. In fact, TikTok is full of delicious, creative takes on pizza that’ll change everything you thought you knew about the classic dish. From a pizza burger to pizza waffles, here are 5 TikToks to get you started.

Pizza burger

@foodyfetish

“The Confusion” Burger!

1/2 lb beef patty, marinara sauce, mozzarella cheese, pepperoni, fresh basil, on brioche buns! #miamifood#pizzaburger

♬ Delicious – T-Spoon

The comfort food mashup of your dreams has come to life! This mouthwatering pizza burger stacks classic pizza ingredients like mozz, pepperoni and fresh basil on top of a juicy beef patty. It’s truly the best of both worlds! The recipe can easily be made with plant-based burgers as well, for any vegetarians looking to take part in this epic hybrid.

Simple pizza baguette

Bread lovers, unite! Cut slits into a fresh baguette and fill with sauce and slices of pepperoni. Then pile shredded cheese between the slits and bake until the cheese melts all over the bread. It’s simple, it’s delicious, and it gives you an excuse to buy (or bake) a giant baguette. Regular pizza crust? What even is that?

Keto-friendly pull-apart pizza

This keto-friendly dish satisfies your pizza cravings without all the carbs. Lay out a low-carb flatbread horizontally and pile on your favorite pizza toppings. Then roll it all up, and cut it into several smaller rolls. Repeat with a few more flatbreads, and then place the pieces next to each other in a pan. Top with some shredded mozz and bake for 15 minutes. Pull apart your mini rolled up pizzas and enjoy!

Pizza dumpling

Most of the comments quickly noted that this dish is more commonly known as a “calzone,” and they’re probably right. But does it matter? Call it whatever you want, but this doughy, cheesy, saucy masterpiece is a must-have for any pizza lover. Fill up your dough with whatever toppings you’d like, bake until crispy, and take a bite into what will surely become a go-to dish.

Pizza waffle

There are simply no bounds to what waffle irons can accomplish. To make your pizza waffle, start by adding cheese and pepperoni to your waffle iron. Then add optional veggies, throw on some more cheese, and close the bad boy up. When your waffle pizza is ready, dip in some tomato sauce for a deep pizza flavor that’ll shock your taste buds.

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Home inspectors say buyers are 'in trouble' in hot housing market with inspections on the decline

Home inspectors in Ontario are sounding the alarm. Some say that in today's hot real estate market, more and more buyers are being pressured to make offers on homes without full home inspections. "It's like playing Russian Roulette with your finances and your home's finances and your family's finances," said Len Inkster, the executive secretary of the Ontario Association of Certified Home Inspectors, one of a number of groups representing workers in the field. He said that based on conversations he's having with inspectors throughout the province, he believes that less than 25 per cent of all home sales are being inspected. "In this current situation, Ontario buyers are in trouble" - Bob Price, Home inspector "It's so out of control," said Bob Price, a home inspector for Windsor, with 15 years in the industry. "Home buyers, I think, that they now realize they're making the biggest purchase of their lives, but they have no protection." He explained that in today's "frenzied market," buyers have a better chance of getting a house without any conditions, including getting an inspection, adding that the pressure of the market and the rush to make a purchase are forcing people to make poor decisions. Inspectors warning against limited-scope inspections Matt Awram, owner of Third Eye Home Inspections in Amherstburg, worries that people are being misinformed. "They're being told that they can't have a home inspection, or they're not going to get the house, but that's just not the case," he said. Len Inkster, the Executive Secretary of the Ontario Association of Certified Home Inspectors, says he's been fighting to regulate the industry for nearly nine years.(CBC) He frequently gets calls from recent home buyers, he explained, requesting an inspection after a sale has gone through because they weren't able to get one beforehand, sometimes leading to "horror stories." He explained that while pre-purchase inspections (after an offer has been accepted) are rare now, pre-offer and pre-listing inspections continue to take place, but he stresses that buyers should make sure they're getting full inspections, instead of what are called "limited-scope inspections." These inspections only focus on certain areas of a home rather than doing a complete inspection. Some, like Awram and Price, won't do limited-scope inspections. Inkster says they're growing in popularity in some parts of Ontario, especially in Windsor-Essex and Chatham-Kent, adding that he's also seen them popping up in Peterborough and Kingston. "Hate them," Inkster said, stressing that his association is firmly against them. "The problem with the limited-scope inspections, if you do it for a buyer, it's not extensive enough to give the buyer the right information on the condition of the property to let them understand what sort of maintenance costs they might be letting themselves in for." Inkster says they're frequently used as a marketing tactic by realtors representing sellers, during the pre-listing phase. He said it might encourage buyers to not get their own inspections. Time limits for inspections Damon Winney, the president of the Windsor-Essex County Association of Realtors, says buyers should always aim to get a full home inspection whenever possible. However, given that homes are selling quite quickly, "you may be under a time crunch," he explained. Matthew Awram, of Third Eye Home Inspections, says he's calling for legislation to regulate the industry.(Katerina Georgieva/CBC) "I think it's dangerous to limit the scope of an inspection. It should be as much as you can do within the property itself," but adds that in cases where time doesn't allow for a full inspection, he says "a limited scope is better than nothing." Sellers also dictate whether or not a home inspection can even happen, Winney explained. "Some sellers may say, 'No, we're not going to allow a home inspection,' which may raise a question mark on the property. Number two, is we may only have a limited time frame that we're able to conduct the inspection with the inspector with us." Price explained that often, he'll get told he only has a 30-minute window to do a full inspection, even though a full inspection takes an hour and 20 minutes to do. In those cases, he turns around and walks out because he can't do his job in that amount of time. "It's nothing that we've ever seen in the past," he said. "In this current situation, Ontario buyers are in trouble." Damon Winney says his advice to buyers is to always aim to get a full inspection on a house before making an offer.(CBC) Winney said buyers paired with a strong realtor can sometimes try to negotiate more time for full inspections. But Inkster blames realtors for creating the time crunch in the first place. He says the current market is being driven by "auction fever" with buyers and sellers making decisions born out of panic. "There's a whole series of things going on and it's being driven by stupidity and greed, in my opinion," Inkster said. "Every single professional dealing in real estate has got something to answer for there. But above that, the government is just — and it doesn't matter which colour you you vote for — they're all the same. Nobody seems to want to do anything except make a profit." Fighting for regulation of the industry Awram, Price and Inkster are all pushing for regulation of the inspection industry. Bob Price says his business has taken a big hit.(Submitted by Bob Price) Lack of regulation has been an issue for years, Inkster said, only made worse by the market. He said his association has been pushing for legislation for nearly nine years. "It will actually allow us to weed out the bad inspectors. It will stop people who are not qualified and therefore not licensed from doing inspections at all," Inkster said. The Ministry of Government and Consumer Services says the Home Inspection Act is not yet in force. In a statement to CBC, a spokesperson said, "The ministry is continuing to review this file to determine the best approach to protecting the interests of home buyers and sellers in an appropriate and effective way." 'Industry is bleeding' In the meantime, Inkster says the industry is on a steep decline, with many inspectors leaving the industry altogether. He said they've lost around 65 per cent of professional inspectors in Ontario since 2019. He worries that if things carry on this way, in another 18 months, there won't be any home inspectors in Canada. "This industry is bleeding," Inkster said. Price says his business is way down. He used to do 750 inspections a year, but that he's now down to about 150. "It's a catastrophic hit, there's no doubt," Price said. He's frustrated that nobody is stepping up to the plate to fix the situation to ensure consumers are being protected. "I've never seen anything fail as much as the home inspection industry," Price said.

More than 800 residential school students died in Alberta — advocates say it's time to find their graves

WARNING: This story contains details some readers may find distressing. When Jackie Bromley heard that the remains of 215 children were found at the site of a former residential school in B.C., she had flashbacks to her time at St. Mary's Residential School on the Blood Reserve in southern Alberta. Bromley, who is now 70, remembers students talking about graves behind the school when she was 10 — but doesn't remember seeing any headstones. "I thought about the backyard, apparently there were some graves there. And the first thing I thought of was, I wonder if there are some kids that were buried, you know?" Bromley's classmates were right — there were students' graves in the schoolyard. A letter in 1945 from an Indian agent to the school's principal requests that Indigenous workers be made to redig the graves next to the school, to make them even deeper. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) states that it's difficult to place an exact figure on how many residential schools operated in Canada. Kisha Supernant says it's similarly hard to say just how many unmarked children's graves there are. Students write on a chalkboard at Red Deer Indian Industrial School in Alberta in either 1914 or 1919. The school had one of the highest mortality rates, with at least 70 of roughly 350 students dying during the 26 years it was in operation. It is estimated 50 children may be buried in an unmarked cemetery in a field nearby.(United Church of Canada, Archives) Supernant, who is Métis and a descendant of the Papaschase First Nation, is an anthropology professor at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. She and her team use ground-penetrating radar equipment to help Indigenous communities survey burial grounds across the Prairies. She said remote sensing techniques such as GPR and drones are crucial in surveying unmarked graves to ensure the sites are not physically disturbed. "There is power in the scientific evidence we can provide. It shouldn't be necessary, communities should be able to be listened to, but I am happy to support communities in that," Supernant said. "The ownership and access to all the data sits with the community…. This is not showing up and running a piece of equipment…. It's a process of engaging with the community, with being attentive to the sensitivity of what we're doing and the potential impacts it can have." At least 4,100 children died Supernant as well as Indigenous leaders and advocates are calling on the federal government to fund the use of GPR equipment at former residential school sites across the country. "This is part of reconciliation. This is part of the calls to action and I strongly believe that communities should be resourced to do the work that they need and want to do," she said. The Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools across Canada — 25 of which were in Alberta. However, that number excludes schools that operated without federal support, such as those run by religious orders or provincial governments. Some schools also underwent name changes, or were relocated. Click here to see a larger version of the map of residential school locations. This map shows the location of residential schools identified by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. More than 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit students were sent to these facilities.(Truth and Reconciliation Commission) More than 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit children were placed in such schools between the 1870s and 1990s. At least 4,100 children died while attending school — more than one in 50 students — and the TRC estimates the actual toll could be 6,000 or higher. At least 821 of those deaths were in Alberta. Linda Many Guns, the associate vice-president of Indigenization and decolonization at Mount Royal University, is descended from residential school survivors. She said research shows many parents were never told what happened to their children — and extensive research will be required to uncover many students' stories. "There was an extensive pattern of genocide that was deliberately being instituted, not just through these organizations, but also, on a daily basis, through the Indian agents that were overseeing and administering all the reserves," she said. ɺncestors are asking me to do this work' A TRC report stated that Indian Affairs was generally opposed to sending the bodies of children who died at school back home, because of the cost. It's estimated that many residential schools have burial sites due to the high death rates — but few have locations that are formally documented, and even fewer are maintained. The graves found in Kamloops are believed to represent previously unrecorded deaths. WATCH | Remains of 215 children found on grounds of B.C. residential school: "These schools were established to forcibly assimilate Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture. Underfunded, located in remote places far away from children's home communities, and lacking proper oversight, the schools were plagued by disease, dubious educational outcomes and physical, emotional and sexual abuse," reads an Alberta government resource guide on the schools' history. For Supernant, the history is personal. She said through her research, she's learned of relatives who attended residential schools. "I feel quite strongly that the ancestors are asking me to do this work," she said. "It's the most meaningful and important work I will ever do." The TRC report called on the federal government to create an online registry of residential school burials, and to work with impacted groups to develop a plan for the ongoing identification, documentation, maintenance and commemoration of burial sites. Funding denied The TRC did request $1.5 million in funding to search for those unmarked graves in 2009, but that funding was denied by Ottawa. Chantal Chagnon drums at a vigil in Calgary for the children of Kamloops Indian Residential School on Tk’emlups te Secwépemc First Nation. Shoes representing the bodies of 215 children found buried at the former school site this week were laid on the steps of city hall.(Terri Trembath/CBC) "Subjected to institutionalized child neglect in life, they have been dishonoured in death," the report reads. Kelly McGillis organized a vigil in Calgary over the weekend to honour the children in B.C. and call for action to search for other grave sites. "We need Canada and everyone to acknowledge that if 215 children have had their lives lost and we have 139 residential schools and all across Canada … where are our leaders in finding out where our ancestors are buried and how we can honour them?" At the vigil, 215 shoes were set out to represent each child. The City of Calgary has ordered flags to be flown at half-mast. Bromley, whose parents and grandparents also attended residential school, said being able to honour the lost children would be healing. "Yeah, I would rather like to know the list [of names]. A proper list." Support is available for anyone affected by the lingering effects of residential schools, and those who are triggered by the latest reports. The Indian Residential School Survivors Society (IRSSS) can be contacted toll-free at 1-800-721-0066. A national Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former students and those affected. People can access emotional and crisis referral services by calling the 24-hour national crisis line: 1-866-925-4419.

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A look at COVID-19 vaccinations in Canada on May 31, 2021

The latest numbers on COVID-19 vaccinations in Canada as of 4:00 a.m. ET on Monday May 31, 2021. In Canada, the provinces are reporting 315,187 new vaccinations administered for a total of 23,471,446 doses given. Nationwide, 2,012,849 people or 5.3 per cent of the population has been fully vaccinated. The provinces have administered doses at a rate of 61,931.118 per 100,000. There were no new vaccines delivered to the provinces and territories for a total of 26,018,414 doses delivered so far. The provinces and territories have used 90.21 per cent of their available vaccine supply. Please note that Newfoundland and Labrador, P.E.I., Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and the territories typically do not report on a daily basis. Newfoundland and Labrador is reporting 30,682 new vaccinations administered over the past seven days for a total of 301,331 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 575.464 per 1,000. In the province, 2.19 per cent (11,446) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Newfoundland and Labrador for a total of 358,370 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 68 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 84.08 per cent of its available vaccine supply. P.E.I. is reporting 9,044 new vaccinations administered over the past seven days for a total of 87,861 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 553.877 per 1,000. In the province, 8.11 per cent (12,868) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to P.E.I. for a total of 105,595 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 67 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 83.21 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Nova Scotia is reporting 77,294 new vaccinations administered over the past seven days for a total of 560,843 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 574.694 per 1,000. In the province, 4.43 per cent (43,252) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Nova Scotia for a total of 651,450 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 67 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 86.09 per cent of its available vaccine supply. New Brunswick is reporting 50,355 new vaccinations administered over the past seven days for a total of 470,122 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 602.69 per 1,000. In the province, 5.08 per cent (39,633) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to New Brunswick for a total of 534,115 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 68 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 88.02 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Quebec is reporting 97,392 new vaccinations administered for a total of 5,503,277 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 643.158 per 1,000. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Quebec for a total of 5,887,119 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 69 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 93.48 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Ontario is reporting 144,833 new vaccinations administered for a total of 8,984,278 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 611.63 per 1,000. In the province, 4.68 per cent (687,894) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Ontario for a total of 10,075,515 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 69 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 89.17 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Manitoba is reporting 10,321 new vaccinations administered for a total of 844,084 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 612.986 per 1,000. In the province, 7.75 per cent (106,678) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Manitoba for a total of 953,290 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 69 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 88.54 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Saskatchewan is reporting 11,061 new vaccinations administered for a total of 717,609 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 608.58 per 1,000. In the province, 6.60 per cent (77,767) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Saskatchewan for a total of 815,975 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 69 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 87.94 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Alberta is reporting 39,042 new vaccinations administered for a total of 2,759,729 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 626.92 per 1,000. In the province, 8.82 per cent (388,200) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Alberta for a total of 2,945,025 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 67 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 93.71 per cent of its available vaccine supply. British Columbia is reporting zero new vaccinations administered for a total of 3,106,269 doses given. The province has administered doses at a rate of 605.325 per 1,000. In the province, 3.14 per cent (160,885) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to British Columbia for a total of 3,526,330 doses delivered so far. The province has received enough of the vaccine to give 69 per cent of its population a single dose. The province has used 88.09 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Yukon is reporting zero new vaccinations administered for a total of 52,649 doses given. The territory has administered doses at a rate of 1,261.628 per 1,000. In the territory, 59.34 per cent (24,763) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Yukon for a total of 57,020 doses delivered so far. The territory has received enough of the vaccine to give 140 per cent of its population a single dose. The territory has used 92.33 per cent of its available vaccine supply. The Northwest Territories are reporting zero new vaccinations administered for a total of 52,237 doses given. The territory has administered doses at a rate of 1,157.761 per 1,000. In the territory, 51.74 per cent (23,344) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to the Northwest Territories for a total of 63,510 doses delivered so far. The territory has received enough of the vaccine to give 140 per cent of its population a single dose. The territory has used 82.25 per cent of its available vaccine supply. Nunavut is reporting zero new vaccinations administered for a total of 31,157 doses given. The territory has administered doses at a rate of 804.55 per 1,000. In the territory, 36.44 per cent (14,113) of the population has been fully vaccinated. There were zero new vaccines delivered to Nunavut for a total of 45,100 doses delivered so far. The territory has received enough of the vaccine to give 120 per cent of its population a single dose. The territory has used 69.08 per cent of its available vaccine supply. *Notes on data: The figures are compiled by the COVID-19 Open Data Working Group based on the latest publicly available data and are subject to change. Note that some provinces report weekly, while others report same-day or figures from the previous day. Vaccine doses administered is not equivalent to the number of people inoculated as some approved vaccines require two doses per person. The vaccines are currently not being administered to children under 12 and those with certain health conditions. In some cases the number of doses administered may appear to exceed the number of doses distributed as some provinces have been drawing extra doses per vial. This report was automatically generated by The Canadian Press Digital Data Desk and was first published May 31, 2021. The Canadian Press

Who have provinces pegged to receive COVID-19 vaccines in the coming weeks?

As COVID-19 vaccine supplies ramp up across the country, most provinces and territories have begun planning to give second doses in the coming weeks. More than 23 million people across Canada have now had at least one dose of a vaccine. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says by the summer, Canada will have enough vaccines so that every eligible resident will have gotten their first dose, and by September, it will have enough doses for everyone to be fully vaccinated. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization has recommended that Canada turn toward the ultimate goal of fully immunizing the population, now that supplies of COVID-19 shots are increasing. The advisory panel said those at highest risk of dying or becoming severely ill should be prioritized for second shots, either after or alongside first doses for anyone else who is eligible for a vaccine. Since the novel coronavirus is still circulating in Canada, NACI is still recommending that the second dose be received up to four months after the first dose, in order to maximize the number of people who get at least one shot. Here's a list of the inoculation plans throughout Canada: Newfoundland and Labrador All people in the province aged 12 and older can now book an appointment for a first dose of COVID-19 vaccine. So far 2.19 per cent (11,446) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- Nova Scotia Appointments for an initial COVID-19 vaccine shot are now open to people 12 years of age and older. Currently, the Pfizer vaccine is the only one approved for use in children aged 12 and up. The Moderna vaccine is only available for those 18 and older. Under the province's accelerated vaccine plan, someone who received their first dose of vaccine on March 22 and is due for a second dose on July 5 will now be able to reschedule their second appointment for as early as the week of June 20. The province has stopped the use of AstraZeneca's vaccine as a first dose. The Health Department says the decision was based on "an abundance of caution'' due to an observed increase in the rare blood-clotting condition linked to this vaccine. The department also says it will reschedule anyone who was to receive AstraZeneca to instead be inoculated with Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna "in a timely manner." --- Prince Edward Island In Prince Edward Island, residents as young as 16 can book a COVID-19 vaccine. People 16 years and older who have certain underlying medical conditions, pregnant woman and eligible members of their household can also get a vaccine. So far 8.11 per cent (12,868) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- New Brunswick Residents in New Brunswick aged 12 to 17 are now eligible to book an appointment for a Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine. Officials also say residents 55 and older who received an Astra-Zenaca vaccine for the first dose at least eight weeks ago can now get a second dose of the vaccine with informed consent. So far 5.08 per cent (39,633) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- Quebec In Quebec, all residents 12 and older can book a COVID-19 vaccination appointment. The province's health minister says Quebecers 12 to 17 years old will be fully vaccinated by the time they return to school in September. Quebec also says it will shorten the delay between first and second doses of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine to eight weeks from 16 weeks. The province says more than 5.8 million doses of vaccine have now been administered, with more than 58.1 per cent of the population having received at least one dose. --- Ontario All adults in Ontario can now book COVID-19 vaccine appointments. People turning 18 in 2021 can book Pfizer-BioNTech shots. Youth aged 12 and older can also book appointments across Ontario. They can book through the provincial online portal, call centre and through pharmacies offering the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, the only shot authorized by Health Canada for use in youth aged 12 and older. Ontarians, meanwhile, are getting the option to shorten the interval between COVID-19 vaccine doses. Most people are being scheduled for doses four months apart, but officials say the new interval could be as short as 28 days. The plan will start with seniors aged 80 and older this week and the province will later offer second shots based on when people received their first. People will keep their original appointments if they don’t re-book. The province aims to see all eligible Ontarians fully vaccinated by the end of September. Ontario is also resuming use of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine but only as a second dose. Those who received the first dose of AstraZeneca between March 10 and March 19 during a pilot project at pharmacies and some doctor's offices in several Ontario communities will be first in line to receive their second dose. Ontario says more than 10 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine have now been administered across the province. So far 4.68 per cent (687,894) of the population has been fully vaccinated --- Manitoba Manitoba is using the Pfizer vaccine for everyone aged 12 and up, and the Moderna vaccines for people aged 18 and up. These are available through a few channels including so-called supersites in larger communities. The province is also allowing anyone 40 and over to get an Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine through pharmacies and medical clinics, subject to availability. People 30-39 can get a shot if they have certain underlying health conditions such as chronic liver failure or severe obesity. The province has opened up second-dose appointments to all Indigenous people aged 12 and up, to people with certain medical conditions such as severe heart failure and Down syndrome, and anyone who received their first dose on or before March 29. Provincial health officials say they now expect 70 per cent of Manitobans aged 12 and older to get a dose by the end of June. So far 7.75 per cent (106,678) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- Saskatchewan Saskatchewan says it reached the step two threshold of its reopening roadmap released last week, with over 70 per cent of residents age 30 and older having received their first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. That means restrictions will begin to be relaxed June 20, which includes easing capacity limits on retail, personal care services, restaurants and bars, although they must still maintain physical distancing among occupants or have barriers in place. The rules also raise caps on private indoor gatherings to 15, while capacity limits jump to 150 for both public indoor gatherings and all outdoor assemblies, whether public or private. Premier Scott Moe says once 70 per cent of the entire adult population is vaccinated, Saskatchewan can move to the third step of its plan and remove almost all of the remaining public health orders. Saskatchewan residents aged 12 and older are now eligible to book their first COVID-19 vaccine appointment. A school immunization program for those aged 12 to 18 will be introduced in June, but eligible residents of that age can also be immunized at clinics offering the Pfizer vaccine. Anyone 85 and older or anyone who received their first vaccine dose before February 15 can now book their second dose. Anyone diagnosed with cancer and solid organ transplant recipients will be receiving a letter of eligibility in the mail which will allow them priority access to a second dose. There are drive-thru and walk-in vaccination clinics in communities across the province. The province says 6.60 per cent (77,767) of the population has now been fully vaccinated. --- Alberta Every Albertan aged 12 and older is now eligible for a vaccine. As of May 27, 60.3 per cent of Albertans over the age of 12 had received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. The milestone means the province's second stage of easing restrictions can begin on June 10. It is subject to hospitalizations being below 500 and trending downwards. Some of the restrictions that would be lifted include allowing outdoor gatherings – including weddings and funerals – with up to 20 people. Restaurants would be allowed to seat tables with up to six people, indoors or outdoors. Retail capacity would also increase, and gyms could open for solo or drop-in activities with three metres of distancing. Dr. Deena Hinshaw, the province's chief medical officer of health, has said people who are immunocompromised can book a second dose three or four weeks after their first shot. All other Albertans are eligible to get their second dose three to four months after the first. For the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine, the province lowered the minimum age to 30. They are, however, reserving the remaining supply for second doses when people are eligible. More than 250 pharmacies are offering immunizations. So far 8.82 per cent (388,200) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- British Columbia British Columbia is setting an end-of-summer target for everyone in the province to receive their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. Provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry has also announced a decrease in the time between the first and second dose of the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines, cutting the interval to eight weeks from 16 weeks. But the interval for people who received the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine as a first dose and are waiting for their second AstraZeneca shot may take longer. Henry said the province is waiting for results from international data on AstraZeneca, including the effectiveness of mixing vaccine shots and ongoing concerns about rare blood clots. Henry said the rollout of second doses will be similar to the first dose, with those at the greatest risk at the top of the list. Seniors, Indigenous people and those who are clinically extremely vulnerable were to start getting their invitations to book a second shot by the end of May. The province will try to ensure that everyone gets the same vaccine they were first administered, but a shortage of the Moderna vaccine may mean people will have to substitute it for a Pfizer shot. Henry said the National Advisory Committee on Immunization has reviewed the evidence on using different vaccines and has updated the guidance, confirming that while it is preferable to have the same product, it's not always possible. Pfizer and Moderna are the same type of vaccines. Families can get vaccinated together in B.C. as the government allows youth between the ages of 12 and 17 to get their COVID-19 shot. The shots will be administered at community clinics instead of in schools based on feedback from families, with 310,000 children in B.C. eligible to get the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, which has been approved for that age group. As of Friday, about 3.1 million doses of Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca vaccines had been administered in B.C., which means about 63 per cent of those eligible have got their first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. So far 3.14 per cent (160,885) of the population has been fully vaccinated. --- Nunavut Chief public health officer Dr. Michael Patterson says Nunavut has placed an order for doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine with the federal government to vaccinate people ages 12 to 17 in the territory. The Moderna vaccine is currently the only one available in Nunavut. Nunavut has opened vaccinations to anyone 18 and older. It is also offering shots to rotational workers coming from Southern Canada. In the territory, 36.44 per cent (14,113) of the population has now been fully vaccinated. --- Northwest Territories The Northwest Territories is now offering vaccinations against COVID-19 to young people between 12 and 17. The territory, which has only been using the Moderna vaccine, recently exchanged some of that for doses of the Pfizer product, which Health Canada has now approved for anyone as young as 12. So far 51.74 per cent (23,344) of the territory's population has been fully vaccinated. --- Yukon The territory is now vaccinating children aged 12 to 17. The government says clinics in most communities will be held in schools, while those in Whitehorse can get their shot at the Coast High Country Inn Convention Centre. The children will be getting the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. The territory says because of limited supply and stricter handling requirements, the vaccine will only be available for a short time. It says second doses for those 12 to 17 will start on June 23 and medical travel will be supported for youth who aren't able to make the clinic date in their community. The Moderna vaccine is available to adults 18 years of age and older. The government says 59.34 per cent (24,763) of the population has now been fully vaccinated. --- This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 31, 2021. The Canadian Press

Man urges Chinese judge to reject torture-tainted evidence

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — A Chinese Australian writer tried in Beijing for alleged espionage said he pleaded to a judge to reject evidence of what he had said while being tortured by interrogators. Yang Hengjun faced a closed trial last Thursday and the court deferred its verdict to a later date. The Australian government on Friday labeled his incarceration since he arrived in China in January 2019 arbitrary detention. The Associated Press on Monday saw the crime novelist and blogger’s account of the legal proceedings circulated among his supporters over the weekend. Yang said he had a meeting with his trial judge three days before his one-day trial. The judge refused his request to submit evidence and call witnesses during the trial, but agreed to include almost 100 pages of defense documents in his case file. “I made a plea to the judge to exclude my interrogation records from the court proceedings,” Yang said. “It’s illegal. Torture. They had hidden camera records,” Yang added. Yang does not say how the judge responded to his request. Chinese Criminal Procedure Law prohibits confessions forced by torture or threats. The prosecution case, “according to legal facts, is groundless,” Yang said. Yang said he was “tired and confused” during the hearing and “didn’t have the sprit to speak enough.” He estimated he spoke for less than five minutes in his own defense, but said the hearing “gave me a sense that things are OK.” “The interrogations I had been subjected to, where I was told I had to confess, and the treatment I received for the first one-and-a-half years was (sic) much worse,” Yang said. Chinese authorities have not released any details of the charges against Yang, who reportedly formerly worked for China’s Ministry of State Security as an intelligence agent. Yang told his supporters at the weekend: “I served China when I was young, even secretly.” Yang has denied the accusation against him, and while a conviction is virtually certain, it isn’t clear when the verdict will be handed down. The espionage charge carries penalties ranging from three years in prison to the death penalty. The trial comes at a time of deteriorating relations between the countries, brought on by Chinese retaliation against Australian legislation against foreign involvement in its domestic politics, the exclusion of telecommunications giant Huawei from its 5G phone network, and calls for an independent investigation into the origins of the coronavirus that was first detected in China in late 2019. Rod Mcguirk, The Associated Press

RCMP looking for woman reportedly in distress, possibly held against her will by 2 people

RCMP are asking for the public's help to confirm the safety of a woman who was reportedly in distress and possibly being held against her will. Police were called on Friday around 6:25 p.m. CST about a woman who could be heard screaming from the backseat of a brown or tan 2000-2005 Chevrolet Cavalier, according to a news release from RCMP. It was in the parking lot of the Petro Canada gas station on the Flying Dust First Nation. A man and a woman were seen in the front seats of the vehicle, but at one point it appeared as though the adult female got into the backseat with the female in distress and attempted to subdue her, according to police. The car then left the gas station heading east on the service road toward Highway 55 in the direction of Green Lake. The car is described as a brown or tan 2000-2005 Chevrolet Cavalier and was heading east on the service road towards Highway 55 in the direction of Green Lake.(Submitted by RCMP) The man is described as having dyed blue hair, wearing a black jacket with a large white "YZ" symbol on the back and the same symbols running down the sleeves. The woman who was the front seat of the vehicle is described as having dyed red hair and wearing a black and white shirt with grey pants. No description is available for the woman who might be in distress. Police said it hasn't been confirmed if a crime has happened, but anyone with information about the incident or sees the vehicle or people matching the descriptions should immediately contact Meadow Lake RCMP at 306-236-2570, their local police station or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477.

North accuses US of hostility for S. Korean missile decision

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — North Korea said Monday the U.S. allowing South Korea to build more powerful missiles was an example of the U.S.’s hostile policy against the North, warning that it could lead to an “acute and instable situation” on the Korean Peninsula. It’s North Korea’s first response to the May 21 summit between the leaders of the United States and South Korea, during which the U.S. ended decades-long restrictions that capped South Korea’s missile development and allowed its ally to develop weapons with unlimited ranges. The accusation of U.S. policy being hostile to North Korea matters because it said it won’t return to talks and would enlarge its nuclear arsenal as long as U.S. hostility persists. But the latest statement was still attributed to an individual commentator, not a government body, suggesting North Korea may still want to leave room for potential diplomacy with the Biden administration. “The termination step is a stark reminder of the U.S. hostile policy toward (North Korea) and its shameful double-dealing,” Kim Myong Chol, an international affairs critic, said, according to the official Korean Central News Agency. “It is engrossed in confrontation despite its lip-service to dialogue.” “The U.S. is mistaken, however. It is a serious blunder for it to pressurize (North Korea) by creating asymmetric imbalance in and around the Korean Peninsula as this may lead to the acute and instable situation on the Korean Peninsula now technically at war,” he said. The United States had previously barred South Korea from developing a missile with a range of longer than 800 kilometers (500 miles) out of concerns about a regional arms race. The range is enough for a South Korean weapon to strike all of North Korea but is short of hitting potential key targets in other neighbors like China and Japan. Some South Korean observers hailed the end of the restrictions as restoring military sovereignty, but others suspected the U.S. intent was to boost its ally’s military capability amid a rivalry with China. The commentator Kim accused Washington of trying to spark an arms race, thwart North Korean development and deploy intermediate-range missiles targeting countries near North Korea. The South Korean government said it “prudently watches” North Korea's reaction, but Unification Ministry spokeswoman Lee Jong-joo wouldn't comment otherwise, since the remarks were attributed to an individual, not an official statement from the North Korean government. The North Korean statement comes as the Biden administration shapes a new approach on North Korea amid long-dormant talks over the North’s nuclear program. During their summit, Biden and South Korean President Moon Jae-in said a new U.S. policy review on North Korea “takes a calibrated and practical approach that is open to and will explore diplomacy” with the North. U.S. officials have suggested Biden would adopt a middle ground policy between his predecessors — Donald Trump’s direct dealings with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and Barack Obama’s “strategic patience.” Some experts say Biden won’t likely provide North Korea with major sanctions relief unless it takes concrete denuclearization steps first. The North Korean statement criticized the Biden administration’s review indirectly, saying the new policy was viewed by other countries “as just trickery.” Hyung-jin Kim, The Associated Press

NATO restricts HQ access for Belarus officials

BRUSSELS (AP) — The NATO military alliance is restricting access to its headquarters for a group of Belarus officials in the wake of Minsk’s decision to divert a Ryanair passenger plane to arrest a dissident journalist earlier this month. “We have decided to restrict the access of Belarusian personnel to the NATO headquarters based on our assessment of security measures at the headquarters,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told reporters Monday. The move is expected to involve about five officials. They will still be able to enter NATO’s sprawling headquarters complex in Brussels but only as visitors, not with their usual delegation badges, depriving them of access to some areas. Belarus’s international isolation has deepened since the May 23 incident, in which Belarusian flight controllers told the crew of a Ryanair jet of an alleged a bomb threat and instructed them to land in Minsk, where journalist Raman Pratasevich was pulled off the plane by authorities. NATO ambassadors said last week that the “unacceptable act seriously violated the norms governing civil aviation and endangered the lives of the passengers and crew.” Stoltenberg has branded the Belarus move “a state hijacking.” The Associated Press


Youthful, Impressionable And Accused of Murder

The most shocking thing about them is their ordinariness. Like so many young teen-agers, they are insecure, materialistic, impressionable, not always in command of their anger and aggressiveness.

They often come from broken homes, and in many cases their mothers are hard-working women trying to build safe and comfortable futures for their children. They get in arguments that seem the petty stuff of coming of age -- a taunting bully, an insulting boyfriend, a stolen puppy. They want the things that will make them popular: Nikes, mountain bikes, presents for girls.

But what sets these few apart from other young teen-agers is that the state has called them killers. In New York City, 28 youths 13 to 15 years old were indicted last year in adult courts for murders committed in 1993. The cases were handled under a juvenile offender law intended specifically to move them out of family court and allow for tougher sentences. Thirteen of the youths have been found guilty of murder or manslaughter. Two were acquitted of murder but found guilty of lesser charges. The rest await trial.

Rodney Reid, who was 13 years old when he murdered an 18-year-old over a drug deal, says he sold marijuana to buy himself what he otherwise could not afford. "I made money so I could get myself things I needed, like sneakers," he said. Of the youth he shot, he said, regretfully, "He was all right."

Crime in general, and crime by the youngest in particular, has become a national obsession. The arrest rate for juveniles for murder has climbed 60 percent in a decade, according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

But who are these youngsters? And why do they kill?

They often come from single-parent homes, seeking older friends in place of the father they barely know. But they are not all the children of a welfare-dependent, drug-abusing underclass. Half have parents or guardians who work.

In fact, the vast majority of cases are not directly related to drugs. Most of the killings were the result of robberies and disputes. The connection is often more subtle than a scrap over drug turf.

Rather, it is that the youth was high when the police say he pulled the trigger, or that his mother was an addict so he had to go live with a relative.

Most of these youths were not habitual lawbreakers. Six of them, however, had serious criminal records that provided some clue to the violence to come, according to a study by The New York Times of the 26 cases in which the teenagers have been convicted or still await trial.

More commonly, they were truants who passed their days on the streets. Ten of the youths had never been arrested. Another 10 had been arrested for lesser offenses like joy riding, fighting, or playing bit parts in the drug trade -- cases that prosecutors say were often dropped because witnesses did not show up or undercover narcotics officers were unwilling to blow their identities to put someone away for a few months.

And in a juvenile justice system struggling to handle growing numbers of serious felons, prosecutors and social workers have had fewer resources to deal with teen-agers charged with small-time offenses -- before they graduate to big-time trouble.

One factor does tie together 20 of the 26 cases: the availability of a handgun. The youths bought and borrowed guns easily. Some said they went to the black market on a street corner or in someone's house, where arsenals of were for sale. A Fascination With Weapons

Guyce Hayes said he bought a .32-caliber handgun from a neighborhood crack addict for $40 when he was 14 years old. "I just bought it to be buying it because I had the money at the time," Guyce said in a recent interview from prison.

Others borrowed weapons. Tippy Jones, 15, got his TEC-9 from a friend he knew as "J.B. And Chauncey Forden, 15, told police that he found a .38-caliber revolver in his brother's room.

In a neighborhood equivalent of the arms race, some of the youths said they got a gun because everyone else seemed to have one. Shaul Linyear bought his first gun at age 15 for $100 on a corner two blocks from home after he was robbed twice at gunpoint.

Only four of the youths had been arrested on gun charges, though far more carried or had access to guns. A 1992 survey of New York City public high school students, conducted by city agencies and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that 7 percent said they had carried a handgun.

The number of juveniles New York City prosecuted for possession of a loaded firearm rocketed from 103 in 1986 to 750 in 1992, said Peter Reinharz, chief prosecutor in the city's Family Court. There were so many gun cases in Manhattan's Family Court last year that prosecutors needed a second evidence safe to store the weapons. Most Victims Were Young

The teen-agers' victims fell into two categories: A majority were young and usually died as the result of a dispute, either as a participant or a bystander. Eight were teen-agers. Usually, the victims were the same race as the person accused in the killing.

In contrast, all 10 robbery victims were adults. Usually they were a different race than the youths charged with killing them. All 10 suspects were black, while five of the victims were Hispanic, two were Asian, two were black and one was white. The victims were shopkeepers, cabdrivers, deliverymen or people just out for a stroll.

The weakened bonds of family and community -- bonds that have traditionally kept teen-agers in line -- also appear to have contributed to the violence, especially in urban black communities hit hardest by social and economic decay. Of the 26 teen-agers, 21 lived with a single parent, an aunt or a grandmother. Twenty-one of the 26 were black teen-age boys. All but two of the 26 were male. A Lack of Alternatives

It makes sense, say sociologists, that the youth crime rates took off in the mid-1980's, as the growing number of children born to unmarried mothers in the 1970's entered adolescence at the same time that crack began eating away at the already weakened structure of many poor families.

Often, the youths in these cases confronted their crimes with bravado or naivete. Richard Siracusa, a criminal defense lawyer, said many youths involved in violent incidents, including his client Gerald Bunche, do not even hide out after a crime.

"These 15-year-old kids, they don't know where to go. So they go home," said Mr. Siracusa. "It amazes me sometimes, the police ask some kid to come down to the station, and they go, on their own carfare. Their own token. You or me, weɽ be on the next flight to Miami. But these kids just go right in, like they're told." ANTHONY KNOWLES, 13 Awaiting trial

Anthony was involved in a gun battle on Aug. 26 between rival groups of youths at the Louis H. Pink Houses in East New York, the police say. Toyatwenda Gillard, 17, was caught in the crossfire as she ran to the playground there to scoop up her son Donovan, 2, who had been climbing on a jungle gym. Ms. Gillard was struck by a bullet in the head and died draped over the playground fence.

The police said that Anthony, a slight, sweet-faced boy, was chasing Shaimond Johnson, 16, when he fired a .380-caliber handgun several times. Ms. Gillard's sister, Valena, said the bad blood between the two groups began with a fight during a basketball game in 1992.

Yvonne Knowles, Anthony's mother, said her her son is innocent and is being blamed for the crime by neighborhood toughs who bullied him. Anthony hung out with the wrong crowd because he was looking for older guys to substitute for the father he did not have, she said. She worried about Anthony's truancy, but was unable to get him to attend school, she said.

"I hate the projects," said Ms. Knowles, who moved after her son was charged in the killing. "They are not a place to raise any kids."

At the time of the shooting, Anthony was on probation for being a passenger in a stolen car. GUYCE HAYES, 15 Convicted of murder sentenced to 12 and one-third years to life

The blue Alfa Romeo throbbed with the beat of rapper Heavy D as it cruised Jamaica, Queens, on Jan. 31, Super Bowl Sunday. Guyce, a slim, reserved 15-year-old in the back seat, pulled out a .32-caliber handgun and fired a shot into the brain of 22-year-old Kevin Edwards, the driver. Then he swung the gun to the passenger side and put a bullet in 29-year-old William Cox's head.

No one, least of all his victims, had believed Guyce capable of such a bloody act. He was a shy, sickly youth who had to be taught at home by a public school teacher because he was asthmatic. His passions were rap music and cars. He hadn't even started shaving the fuzz on his upper lip.

"He was the little guy from the neighborhood," said Mr. Cox, who survived the shooting.

Guyce's father, Donald Chapman, an elevator operator, never knew he had a son until Guyce was indicted for murder and the child's mother broke the news to him. By the time they met, Mr. Chapman said, "It was too late for Guyce."

Guyce lived with his grandmother and his mother in Jamaica. They got by on welfare. When Guyce was a seventh and eighth grader, Steve Williams, a teacher of homebound students, came to their dilapidated house most weekdays. "Personality-wise, Guyce was the best," Mr. Williams said. "He was pleasant. He had a sense of humor. If I gave him an assignment, it was always done."

Guyce's friends and family say that when he was 14, he got mixed up with Mr. Edwards and Mr. Cox, known as Junior. Guyce says they pressured him to accept an old, broken-down Ford Escort that just sat unused on the street, gathering stacks of parking tickets. Guyce claims Mr. Edwards threatened to hurt him and his mother unless he sold drugs to pay off the tickets -- a contention Mr. Edwards' family called a lie.

"They forced the car on me," Guyce said in an interview. "It was a setup. They had customers on my block, and being that they knew I was always over, they, they tried to get me to sell to their customers."

Guyce worked for Mr. Edwards and Mr. Cox, he and his relatives said. Along the way, he bought a gun for $40. "He did whatever they told him to do," said Michael Reavis, Guyce's best friend's uncle. "As he got older, he wanted out, but they wouldn't let him out."

In his confession, taped the morning after the crime, Guyce told the police in a dull, exhausted monotone that the men were pressuring him to sell crack to pay off a $1,200 debt. Guyce said that, when he refused, the men said they were going to "strip me, beat me with a bat and throw me in the lake" at Baisley Pond Park.

Mr. Cox testified that Guyce shot them for no reason. Mr. Cox acknowledged that he had had a crack problem and had served time in prison for it, but said he was off drugs at the time of the shooting and was not a drug dealer. Prosecutors noted that Mr. Edwards, who died, had no criminal record.

After the gunfire, Mr. Cox said he called out to Guyce to duck, but Guyce was gone.

"Guyce, I trusted him," Mr. Cox said. "I went to his house. I went to his bedroom. I knew his mother. I keep thinking, 'Not Guyce. I see you every day.' " RODNEY REID, 13 Convicted of manslaughter sentenced to three years

Rodney shot Rafael Nunez, 18, on a street corner in Jamaica, Queens, on March 3. Rodney later went around the neighborhood boasting about the killing and trying to sell the .45-caliber handgun, the police said.

Rodney said in an interview that he met Mr. Nunez that night to buy a pound of marijuana and to return a gun Mr. Nunez had lent him. Rodney said Mr. Nunez wanted $1,250 for the drugs, but he had only $950.

"I told him to try to do better for me," Rodney said.

During an argument over the price, Rodney told the police, Mr. Nunez grabbed the gun from his waistband, the two struggled and the gun went off.

But investigators believe Rodney intentionally shot Mr. Nunez in the stomach, then chased him into a nearby bodega, where, the police said, Rodney asked if the dying victim wanted "some more."

Rodney moved to New York City from Florida with his mother and four brothers when he was a toddler. They settled in Crown Heights, then moved to Queens at age 9 to get away from crime. But violence followed.

At 12, Rodney said, he was robbed on the subway by six youths, three of them with guns. They took his designer sneakers and jacket, then ran. Rodney said he made his way home, shoeless and angry.

"They played me like I was a punk or a sucker," he said. "That was the first and last time, I make sure of that."

Rodney would not say whether he began carrying a gun after that. Rodney himself became a menace in his neighborhood and school, investigators and a school official said. He had an explosive temper and a frame as large as a man's. He routinely shouted insults at neighbors, frequently skipped classes and once even threatened to kill a teacher who reprimanded him for incomplete homework.

Neighbors and others say his mother, Jaqualine Thompson, who Rodney said was a meter maid who is now unemployed, was upset by her inability to control him. She told investigators the day of his arrest that she would consider a plea bargain on her son's behalf if it included mandatory schooling. ROBERT BROWN, 14 GREGORY MORRIS, 14 Cases Pending

Robert testified that he, Gregory and two older youths had three bikes and wanted a fourth. Instead of going to school on June 1, they headed to Prospect Park to steal one.

During a trial last month that resulted in the conviction of the shooter, Jerome Nisbett, 17, for murder, Robert testified that they first went after a woman practicing karate, but she saw them and fled. Then, they saw a male cyclist, but he was going too fast. Finally, they found Allyn Winslow, on Quaker Hill, one of the most peaceful places in the park. Robert testified that Gregory said, "Let's get him." They circled Mr. Winslow, 42, a drama teacher, on their bikes, Robert said.

When Mr. Winslow tried to ride away, prosecutors say, Mr. Nisbett shot him in the back twice. Mr. Winslow stayed on his bike, steering down a hill, over a small bridge and out of the woods. But he collapsed in a meadow, fatally wounded.

Mr. Nisbett told the police that he fired the .22-caliber revolver, which he called "the burner." "All you could see was the smoke coming from the gun," Robert testified.

Robert and Gregory were indicted as juvenile offenders because they were 14. The two other suspects, both 16, were charged as adults. Robert agreed to testify in exchange for being allowed to plead guilty to manslaughter, a lesser charge, and to receive a sentence of one and one-third to four years.

Robert said he also has a case pending in Family Court, where he is charged with showing a gun on May 6, 1993, while another person took someone's wallet. Two years ago, he pleaded guilty in Family Court to fourth-degree grand larceny for joy riding and was given two years' probation.

Robert lived with his mother, Sarah, and several siblings on St. Marks Avenue in Crown Heights. Gregory also lived with his mother, Winsome, and nine other siblings in a cramped basement apartment nearby on Rogers Avenue. They knew each other from the neighborhood.

Gregory was a troublesome student at I.S. 390, prone to angry outbursts and rude behavior, school officials said. On one occasion, he threatened to cut a dean with a razor when the dean asked him to leave a hallway where he was causing trouble, said the dean, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Eventually, the dean said, school officials recommended Gregory's transfer to a resource room in the school where he could receive individual attention.

Alicia Benton-Owens, who teaches health at the school, said Gregory "wasn't a pleasure. Heɽ come in with a Walkman, eating candy, and put his feet on his desk."

Gregory's lawyer, Howard Kirsch, declined to comment on the case, although his client has pleaded not guilty. Robert's lawyer, Howard Weiswasser, said his client is not guilty.

"I really don't think he's a bad kid," he said. "I think he got swept up in a series of circumstances." LUKE DAWKINS, 14 Pleaded guilty to manslaughter sentenced to three and one-third to ten years

It all started over a single cigarette, the police said. Nahl Finch and Luke Dawkins both wanted to smoke it. The 14-year-olds argued, and the next afternoon, July 6, they returned to Liberty Park in Jamaica, Queens.

Nahl started picking on Luke right away, witnesses said. Nahl was a neighborhood bully who had set cats on fire, and even threatened his own grandmother, family members said. Luke was afraid of him, and so that day, Luke said, he had put a steak knife in his pocket just to scare Nahl away.

When Nahl grabbed at Luke, Luke said he pulled his knife. But the knife didn't make Nahl back off. In a split second, Luke decided to use the knife. He plunged it into Nahl's neck, hitting a major artery. Luke ran home, crying, to wash the blood from his hands.

"That knife was in his pocket," said his lawyer, Bryan Levinson. "He stabbed. That's how it is out on the street. People in these areas are afraid for their lives. The whole world is a fight."

Luke lived with his mother, Pamela Dawkins, in Jamaica. Ms. Dawkins worked in the nursing department at St. Albans Veterans Administration Hospital, the police said. Luke was the youngest of six children, and he had fallen under the influence of his older brother, Alvin, now 22.

Seven months earlier, Luke and Alvin had been arrested for ambushing a Chinese food delivery man and robbing him of $67 and $19 worth of food, and Alvin was later found guilty in that case. The victim told the police that Luke had hit him on the head with a bat.

After stabbing Nahl, Luke pleaded guilty to the robbery and to killing Nahl, although the murder charge was reduced to manslaughter because Luke had not meant to kill him. Luke was terrified of prison and asked his lawyer, Mr. Levinson, "Will they beat me up?" HEDLEY SEWELL, 14 Pleaded guilty to manslaughter sentenced to three and one-third to ten years

Hedley says he and four friends decided to rob someone, anyone, for money. He later told the police that Jorge de Leon was the first vulnerable-looking person they saw as they walked down Ryer Avenue 187th Street in the Bronx on the night of Aug. 12.

Mr. de Leon, 43, an unemployed Vietnam veteran, was headed home after visiting his wife, Rosa, at a nearby hospital. The teen-agers chased him across the street, threw him down and went through his pockets. They found 50 cents, his wife said.

They then punched and stomped Mr. de Leon, leaving him on the street, dazed and bleeding. The boys retreated down the block, hooting with excitement, a witness said.

Mr. de Leon was helped inside a nearby building, then taken home, where he died three days later from a brain hemorrhage.

Hedley, who was small for his age at 4 feet 8 inches, lived alone in his mother's apartment. She worked as a live-in helper in Westchester County, neighbors say, coming home on Saturday evening and staying only 24 hours. An older brother sometimes came by.

Unsupervised, Hedley rarely attended school, went out at all hours, played loud music and invited friends over, some of whom brought girls to stay the night, neighbors say.

"I can't tell you how many people I saw coming and going," said Margie Vega, who lives next door. "He must have given keys to all his friends."

When he was taken into custody for killing Mr. DeLeon, the police said Hedley quickly admitted his guilt. Court records show he had never been charged with a crime. Tracy Almazan, the prosecutor, said she was startled to face such a tiny defendant.

"In court, he was very matter-of-fact," she said. "Most pleadings are very emotional affairs. Some people cry, some are angry. He was stone cold."

Ms. Almazan said she was also struck by the way that the boy was eager to plead guilty, ignoring the urging of his lawyer and his mother that he contest the charge. He seemed proud, she said, and seemed to want everyone to see that he could take whatever he was dished. TIPPY JONES, 15 Awaiting trial

From the window of his ground-floor apartment in a housing project on West 19th Street in Manhattan, the police said that Tippy Jones watched as a neighborhood crack addict and small-time drug dealer, Audrey Walker, 35, approached his building in the early hours of Oct. 18. Tippy took the Tec-9 semiautomatic handgun he kept under a mattress, stepped out his front door into a small lobby, and shot Ms. Walker four times.

Tippy had been arrested for selling cocaine in 1992 and spent a year in jail in that case, but the detective who arrested Tippy for murder said he thought the youth was too small a player in the drug trade to be the gunman in a planned execution. Tippy probably acted on his own to impress friends, neighbors and drug dealers, said the detective, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Tippy was living with his aunt and her seven children. He was not in school. His mother was a crack addict, a law-enforcement official said. His father had died of a heart attack when he was 8. Tippy and two sisters grew up in Jamaica, Queens, where they were raised by a grandmother. She died while Tippy was serving a year in a juvenile detention center for the cocaine charge.

Tippy's aunt, Felicia Lindsey, said he lacked a moral anchor in his life. "Kids are looking for something to hold on to," she said. "If you teach them some morals, then when they do something wrong, you can pull them back. If you don't care what they do, they'll be out there, looking for self."

With slightly droopy eyes that seem to tinge his face with sadness, Tippy seemed to some friends to be mentally frail, frequently collapsing into tears when he was teased by other kids in the project.

"Tippy listened to other people too much," said Kareem Jones, a friend who also lives at 420 West 19th Street. "He couldn't think clearly for himself. He would always do what you want, chill when you want to chill, go to the store when you want to go to the store."

The detective who arrested Tippy said he bragged about the shooting, telling several people in the building that they should thank him for doing away with a public menace. Ms. Walker had been widely disliked. Neighbors said she regularly robbed elderly neighbors to support her habit.

Tippy acted unafraid, cocky even, when the police asked him and his aunt to come to the station to answer some questions, the detective said. But confronted with information that implicated him in the shooting, Tippy wavered, asking his aunt to go back home and let him talk to the detective alone.

"I told him, no, you act like a man and talk about this while she's here," said the detective. "Those were the words that got to him, ➬t like a man.' He crumbled."

Tippy confessed to the shooting, the detective said, and said he had asked a friend to throw the gun into the Hudson River. Later, Tippy pleaded not guilty. His lawyer, Edwin Gonzalez, declined to comment. JAMES BUTLER, 14 Pleaded guilty to manslaughter sentenced to two to six years

This killing grew out of a fight over dice game winnings, said Shannon Alexander, James's 17-year-old co-defendant.

On Aug. 18, a few days after the game, Mr. Alexander said he, James and a third young man, were in Aberdeen Park in Bushwick, when they spotted "Prince" from the dice game fight, adding that it was the third man who fired an AK-47 assault rifle at Prince. The police say those bullets missed the intended victim and struck a bystander, Derrick Johnson, 23 years old. James had the AK-47 when the police arrested him at his home. Mr. Alexander later pleaded guilty to manslaughter in the killing.

James lived with his aunt, Sylvia Graves, from the time he was 2. His mother, Paulette, lives in Manhattan and has not seen her son in years, Ms. Graves said. He was known in the neighborhood as "Little James" because of his diminutive stature. His passion was basketball, his friends said.

Though James was quiet and polite, friends say he began hanging out with older, tougher youths in his neighborhood sometime in 1993. Danny Esquilin, a community activist who helped organize basketball teams in the neighborhood, said James was looking for a male role model. "He was looking for somebody who wasn't there," Mr. Esquilin said.

"I guess he wanted to feel like he was part of something. But this kid was no hood." MICHAEL HARRIS, 15 Awaiting trial

According to the police account in court records, on Sept. 5, Michael's co-defendant, Russell Gaither, 16, cornered Frantz Germain on a street in Flatbush and swung a bat at him. Then Michael stabbed Mr. Germain, 19, in the chest with a knife.

Darla Harris, Michael's mother, an immigrant from Belize, did not want to discuss the case. His lawyer, Salvatore Canonico, said Michael was not the one who carried out the killing. Mr. Gaither is still awaiting trial. WILLIAM BAILEY, 15 Awaiting trial

The police said that William shot Jerome Clark, 63, a Pepsi-Cola deliveryman, during an attempted robbery on Oct. 18 in a South Bronx supermarket.

William was not attending school or working at the time of the incident, said a spokesman for the Bronx District Attorney's office. He was living with his grandmother, Joyce Kanu, in the High Bridge section of the Bronx. A lawyer for William, Anthony Ventura, said a videotape monitoring the store's entrance did not give a clear picture recorded entering and leaving the store at the time of the killing. CHAUNCEY FORDEN, 15 Awaiting trial

On Friday, Nov. 5, Chauncey was playing hooky in his basement with a couple of buddies. They were smoking joints, munching on sandwiches, and watching a video of "Menace II Society," a movie about guns and violence in the ghetto, he told the police.

They had already smoked "two blunts" when Chauncey started toying with his brother Shawn's black .38-caliber revolver, Chauncey told the police, adding that he picked up the gun and pulled the trigger. Nothing happened. He pulled the trigger again. This time, Chauncey told the police in a deadpan voice, the bullet tore into his friend Kevin Scott's head as Kevin got up from the couch.

Kevin died the next day at Jacobi Hospital.

Chauncey grew up in the same neatly kept brick row house where he shot Kevin, in Williamsbridge, the Bronx. His parents, who declined to discuss the case or say what they do for a living, were working that day.

Chauncey admits he knew the revolver was loaded, court records show. That morning, he had taken it from his brother's room, emptied it of three bullets, then put them back in. He even wandered to the back door and fired it in the air, the record said.

Chauncey's lawyer, Lewis Alperin, said he will argue that Chauncey never meant to kill his friend and should be found guilty of a lesser charge, manslaughter in the second degree, which is prosecuted in Family Court. Mr. Alperin, who has seen Chauncey's videotaped statement, said he was taken aback by the demeanor of the youth and of his mother, Catherine Forden, who sat at his side.

"He talks about this horrible crime, and his mother just sits there," Mr. Alperin said. "There was no emotional reaction. If it was my kid, I would turn around and say, 'How could you do this?' "

Chauncey had been arrested seven months earlier on a robbery charge. And that July, he was arrested twice within two days on charges of selling drugs. The drug cases were never prosecuted, but he pleaded guilty in September to larceny and was given two years probation, court officials said. SHAKEEM HODGE, 15 Awaiting trial

Ann Yeo, the co-owner of a Chinese takeout restaurant on Burke Avenue in the Bronx, knew Shakeem as a regular customer. On Nov. 24, the night before Thanksgiving, the police say Shakeem walked into Lee's Kitchen, pointed a 9-millimeter handgun at Ms. Yeo and asked her for the cash in her register. Two of his 14-year-old friends watched.

Ms. Yeo apparently took $19 out of the register, stuffed it into her apron pocket and then tried to push the gun away. In the struggle that followed, the gun fired and struck Ms. Yeo, 30. She died the following day. A co-worker later suggested that Ms. Yeo had been unable to take seriously a demand from a chubby kid who spent most of his afternoons in front of the video games in the pizza parlor next door.

Shakeem later told the police that he and his friends wanted money to go roller skating, a detective said. They did not intend to shoot Ms. Yeo, Shakeem said, and when the gun fired they ran out of the store without taking any money. Shakeem's mother, Linda Hodge, who says she is self-employed, insists that her son was not capable of the crime, and the teen-ager has pleaded not guilty in the killing.

Shopkeepers in the area said a gun can turn a young prankster into a killer. Maria Rodriguez, the proprietor of a bodega next door to Lee's Kitchen, knew Shakeem for his awkward attempts to shoplift Cheetos. Donald Marajh, who works at Step Two Haircutters three doors down, said Shakeem was a harmless-looking kid who dropped quarter after quarter into video game machines.

"These kids are not used to having a gun," said Mr. Marajh. "When they get one in their hands, they want to flash it around."

Like most other teenagers in Williamsbridge, a quiet section of the Bronx near the border with Yonkers, Shakeem was from a middle-class family and had never been arrested. A reliable if uninspired student at Harry S. Truman High School, Shakeem liked gym class best, his mother said, because he excelled at basketball and swimming.

Ms. Hodge and her eight children moved to New York from the Virgin Islands in 1988 when Shakeem was 10. His father, a plumber and carpenter, stayed behind. RAYMOND JOHNSON, 14 Awaiting trail

The police say that Raymond and an unidentified man went to an unoccupied apartment in a public housing project in the Boerum Hill section of Brooklyn on Dec. 3 to scare away some people who were using it as a place to party. The police believe the man with Raymond was a drug dealer who wanted to use the apartment for business.

Jerome Reeves, 21 years old, was shot as he answered a knock at the door, the people in the apartment told the police.

Housing police officers heard the shots and saw two men run from the building. One of them, whom police identified as Raymond, dropped a gun and was apprehended. The police do not believe Raymond pulled the trigger.

Raymond's lawyer, Mark Zuckerman, said Raymond was not even at the scene of the killing. GERALD BUNCHE, 15 Convicted of murder sentenced to nine years to life

On a cold night in February, Gerald Bunche helped two friends rob a bodega on Frederick Douglass Boulevard in Harlem. While Gerald stood lookout, his friend, Dion Davis, 18, pointed a Mach 11 semiautomatic at the cashier, Jose de Leon, 39, and pulled the trigger twice, killing him.

Gerald's family had been torn apart by divorce, and Gerald had spent time living with each parent. His three siblings adapted and did well in school. But Gerald fell in with older youths and began committing crimes, his father said.

When he was 13, Gerald was arrested three times in one month: for possession of crack, assaulting a passenger on a No. 1 subway train in Manhattan, and attempted rape, Family Court records show. At 14, he served a year for car theft. He had been out only a week when he was arrested for murder. JOE SANCHEZ, 15 Awaiting trial

Firing from a rooftop in the Bronx, the police said, Joe fatally shot Andy Vega, 16, on Jan. 25 as the victim stood outside a bodega in the Mount Hope neighborhood.

But investigators say it is not clear why he fired the deadly shot, or whether he wanted to kill anyone. He was identified as the shooter nine months after the killing and arrested.

Joe moved to the Bronx from San Juan, P.R., with his family when he was nearly a year old. His parents separated about seven years ago, leaving his mother, Carmen Olmedo, who receives public assistance, to raise Joe and seven other children. But his father, Alejandro Sanchez, who lives nearby, says he has kept close ties to the family.

Joe was a slow learner who showed little interest in his studies, his mother said. But while he sometimes played hookey, she said he was never a habitual truant.

His family said he has no criminal record and was not a troublesome child, and he has pleaded not guilty to the killing. The family maintains he had never given them reason to believe he was capable of such violence.

"My heart tells me that he didn't do it," said Mrs. Olmedo. TAHIR TOOMBS, 13 Pleaded guilty to murder sentenced to 9 years to life

Tahir killed for the first time in Ozone Park, Queens. He shot Clyde Scott, 35, in the back with a .380-caliber semiautomatic handgun on Feb. 7 after Mr. Scott confronted him for snatching a gold necklace earlier that day.

Nine days later, Tahir killed again, with the same gun. He shot a livery cab driver, Fernando Lopez, 26, in the head while robbing him of cab fare to send two friends home that night.

Tahir had been driving his mother, Deboroah Toombs, to distraction since he was 10, straying far from the modest, working-class life she had provided. Earning $29,000 a year as a telephone operator, Ms. Toombs had raised Tahir and his younger brother in a tidy apartment in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.

She provided her boys with trips to the zoo, picnics, video games, stereos, fancy jeans and sneakers. "I used to have to tell him, 'It's not that you have it good it's that your mother works hard,' " Ms. Toombs said.

Tahir was a quiet boy most of his life, the kind of child who did average work in school and never caused trouble. But by age 10, he began to show a keen interest in the wild life of the streets during stays at his grandmother's house in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, where, his mother said, she left him most evenings while she worked the late shift.

There, Tahir came to admire young men who wore flashy gold jewelry, drove fancy cars and made quick profits on drugs sales. "I got him what he needed, but I couldn't compete with that," Ms. Toombs said. She became so alarmed by her son's friends that, she said, she wandered the streets, begging them to stay away from him.

Tahir started cutting class, selling drugs and even struck his mother. Seeking help, she said she phoned her police precinct and the city's Child Welfare Administration. She even considered sending him to a military academy until she found out the cost.

"I tried everything because I was afraid of losing him," she said.

In desperation, she convinced a neighbor to press charges against Tahir in 1991, and he served several months for assault in a juvenile detention center. But the brief incarceration did not stop his slide into crime.

A year and a half after his release, he went on the killing spree. By then, his mother had sent him to live with some relatives in Queens with the hope that they could bring him under control. SHAUL LINYEAR, 15 Pleaded guilty to murder sentenced to seven years to life

Shaul shot and killed a candy delivery man, Ricardo Nunez, in Brooklyn during a robbery on Feb. 19. Shaul said he had planned to spend the money from the robbery on a new pair of sneakers.

Shaul lived in Crown Heights with his mother, who had a job as an office worker and went to college at night. Shaul had been found guilty of possession of a loaded weapon two months before the murder. He was sentenced to 18 months in a residential center on the gun charge, but spent only two weeks there. ANTHONY SMITH, 15 Convicted of weapons charges. Hung jury on murder charge. Will be retried.

Prosecutors say that on Feb. 27, Anthony shot and killed Michael McNeil, 26, the backseat passenger in a moving car, during a dispute over money. Anthony denies it.

Anthony lived with his mother, who is on welfare, in Brownsville, Brooklyn. His father had recently been murdered in what Anthony's family described as a drive-by shooting. Anthony was devastated, said his brother, Frederick Smith. "He didn't care about things anymore," Mr. Smith said.

Anthony has a history of arrests, dating back to age 12, for robbery and weapons possession. Family Court records show he failed to show up in court on the weapons case. A warrant was issued, but he was never picked up and the case was dismissed because it was not prosecuted quickly enough. ELIZABETH HOS, 15 Pleaded guilty to murder sentenced to six years to life

Elizabeth admitted in court that she and her boyfriend, Anton Rogers, 18, walked into Kim Wei Kitchen, a Chinese restaurant in Sunset Park, to pull a robbery on April 1. Mr. Rogers drew his .25-caliber revolver and demanded money from the cashier, Kam Ping Kwok, 30, who told them she recognized them and would report them to the police, Elizabeth and Mr. Rogers said later.

Mr. Rogers, who also pleaded guilty to murder, told the police that Elizabeth pressured him to fire. "Beth said, 'Shoot the bitch,' " Mr. Rogers said. "So I shot her."

Elizabeth said she went behind the counter to get the money from the register. They fled to a friend's house, where they counted about $200, Mr. Rogers said.

Elizabeth -- Beth to her family -- was a truant and a runaway, her mother, Sadet Hos, told the police when she filed missing persons reports on her in the month before the murder. In March, Beth called home and told her brother she would see them when she was 18. Mr. Rogers told the police that he and Beth had done other robberies together.

Family members said Elizabeth wanted to be like any other American teen-ager, but Ms. Hos, a Turkish immigrant and a devout Muslim, thought her daughter should stay home, study and do household chores. Ms. Hos was struggling to raise Elizabeth and a younger son by herself, since the father lived in New Jersey. She worked nights cleaning offices at the Met Life building in Manhattan, leaving her children with a friend. The mother and daughter often fought, said Elizabeth's lawyer, Daniel Williams.

Elizabeth's family and classmates say she was led astray by a possessive and manipulative boyfriend. "She's not a bad person," said her brother, Gokhan, 14. "She was just hanging with the wrong people." CATHY MAJARAJ, 14 Awaiting trial

Cathy says she was simply rushing home from school on April 5 to get ready for work when a mob of more than 25 teen-agers erupted into violence in Ridgewood, Queens. "It was a riot," she said. "I was on the floor getting all scratched up myself." But investigators say Cathy stabbed Kultos Sayaves, 21, with a kitchen knife during the melee in front of the victim's home.

Cathy was raised by her mother, Slavia Martinez, after her parents separated when she was 7 years old. Ms. Martinez struggled to make ends meet, sometimes holding down two jobs and working late into the evenings while a neighbor watched her children in Bushwick, Brooklyn, Cathy said. Cathy maintained a close relationship with her father, Pooran Maharaj, spending many weekends with him. Cathy said she kept busy with homework, chores and a part-time job selling cookies. She had no prior arrest record. DAMON HOOKS, 15 Convicted of manslaughter sentenced to three and one-third to 10 years

Deshawn Mayberry and his girlfriend were arguing on June 26 about who was going to look after their baby while she went to the beach. Damon, a friend of the girl's, got into the middle of the fight. "It was a little bit of chivalry," said Detective George Readding of the 40th Precinct. "Damon was trying to protect the girlfriend."

In the hallway outside Damon's aunt's apartment in Mott Haven, the Bronx, the yelling between Mr. Mayberry and his girlfriend escalated into a shoving match, said Damon's lawyer, Pat Bruno. Damon fetched a a kitchen knife. When he pulled it, Mr. Mayberry, 19, asked, "What are you going to do, stab me?"

There may have been a struggle before Damon put the knife in Mr. Mayberry's heart. "Damon was trying to do what a man has to do in the Bronx," said Mr. Bruno. "This was kind of like senseless stupidity," said Detective Readding.

Damon lived with his mother, who is on welfare, in Mott Haven, a desolate, violent neighborhood. Damon had never been in trouble with the law before. PARIS PERKINS, 15 Awaiting trial

Paris went to a party in Bedford-Stuyvesant and ended up spending the night in the apartment of Noel Cooper, 36, because it was too late to walk home to Bushwick, said Paris and his lawyer, Alan Stutman. Mr. Stutman said that Mr. Cooper was about to sexually molest Paris and, after a struggle, Paris took Mr. Cooper's .380-caliber revolver and shot him. The lawyer said Paris was acting in self defense.

Paris fled with the gun he used to kill Mr. Cooper on July 18, and also took another gun that belonged to his victim, he told the police. "I sold the guns," he said.

Paris was raised by a single mother on welfare, Theresa Perkins. He was the oldest of six children. Ms. Perkins said that her son was never the same after he was hit in the head with a baseball bat during a fight when he was about 11. Afterward, he became unruly and would often disrupt his classes.

When Paris was 14, he was sentenced to 12 months' probation for assaulting a student at Public School 369. He spent a few months at a non-secure detention center and was released in July 1992, and the school board provided him with a tutor who came to his home, Ms. Perkins said. Shortly before Mr. Perkins shot Mr. Cooper, Ms. Perkins said that she had asked a Family Court judge to send Paris to a school upstate to keep him out of trouble.

After his arrest for murder, Paris's teacher at the Spofford Juvenile Detention Center wrote: "He's a pleasant and bright person who has the potential to do anything he puts his mind to. Paris could get away with a lot because he's so likable." GILBERTO UBIERA, 15 Pleaded guilty to murder sentenced to five years to life

DAVID TEALDO, 15 Pleaded guilty to manslaughter sentenced to three to nine years

Gilberto was furious when his family's Rottweiler puppy was stolen from the backyard, but he said it was his buddy David who pushed him to kill the youth they believed was the thief.

On the hot summer morning of July 20, Gilberto was showering when David came by his house. David kept nagging him, saying, "This is your chance to do "Rev," their nickname for Henry Vargas, 15. Gilberto told the police he stalled, playing records and taking his time dressing.

But when David handed Gilberto a .25-caliber handgun, Gilberto said he told his friend, "Yo, I'm about to murder someone." He said David replied: "So what? He robbed something from your house."

They tracked Henry down that day to a street in Corona, Queens. David waved the youth over to them, Gilberto said.

"David whispered to me, ɽo it now or else I'll do it,' " Gilberto told the police the next day. "I gave in, pulled the gun out of my right jacket pocket and shot once at Rev."

The murder was a bloody exclamation point to two violent, wayward lives. Gilberto and David grew up on the same block in Corona. David lived with his mother and father, a handyman Gilberto's mother and stepfather, Yani and Goupaul Ramtahal, owned a video store in the neighborhood.

Both youths began getting into trouble in high school. David's problems quickly intensified from chronic truancy in his freshman year at Bayside High School to three arrests for robbery and attempted robbery in early 1993. (After the murder, he was convicted of robbing a convenience store and sentenced to two to six years.)

His parents said they tried everything to keep him out of trouble. "I didn't want him to become another statistic," said his father, Luis Tealdo. They escorted him to school each morning, attended counseling, and gave him a new computer and a 1991 Suzuki.

Nothing worked, not even the threat of punishment. "I tried the nice way I tried the hard way," his father said. "What else could I do?"

Gilberto was also a troublemaker. He skipped 55 classes at Flushing High School from September 1992 to November 1992, according to a school official who spoke on condition of anonymity. When he was in class, he was disruptive and argumentative.

In February 1993, he was arrested on robbery charges after he waved a box cutter at another student and tried to steal the student's book bag, the police and others familiar with the case said. Gilberto said the book bag had been stolen from him and that he was just trying to get it back. JEFFREY WASHINGTON, 15 Pleaded guilty to murder sentenced to 5 to 15 years

On Aug. 8, Sixto Marte, 43, and his niece came down the stairs of a footbridge that crosses the exit ramp from the Third Avenue Bridge in East Harlem. Jeffrey approached them and asked for the girl's black mountain bike. When Mr. Marte refused, Jeffrey shot him and took it anyway.

"I asked him for the bike. He said no," Jeffrey said in a Manhattan courtroom in early March, when he pleaded guilty. He offered no more explanation for his action.

The shooting at East 129th Street and Lexington Avenue, across from where Jeffrey lived with his mother, Debra Washington, and his twin sister, Debrina.

Jeffrey and his sister grew up in Yonkers, where their father was a postal worker. But the father was killed when Jeffrey was 9, shot as he tried to rescue someone being robbed. His mother moved the family to Harlem.

Jeffrey dropped out of Richard Green Teachers High School in the ninth grade and spent the second half of the school year at home, his mother says, passing the day playing Nintendo and listening to rap. She says he planned to move to another school to study computers. He had no prior arrest record. PARIS PERKINS, 15 Awaiting trial

Paris went to a party in Bedford-Stuyvesant and ended up spending the night in the apartment of Noel Cooper, 36, because it was too late to walk home to Bushwick, said Paris and his lawyer, Alan Stutman. Mr. Stutman said that Mr. Cooper was about to sexually molest Paris and, after a struggle, Paris took Mr. Cooper's .380-caliber revolver and shot him. The lawyer said Paris was acting in self defense.

Paris fled with the gun he used to kill Mr. Cooper on July 18, and also took another gun that belonged to his victim, he told the police. "I sold the guns," he said.

Paris was raised by a single mother on welfare, Theresa Perkins. He was the oldest of six children. Ms. Perkins said that her son was never the same after he was hit in the head with a baseball bat during a fight when he was about 11. Afterward, he became unruly and would often disrupt his classes.

When Paris was 14, he was sentenced to 12 months' probation for assaulting a student at Public School 369. He spent a few months at a non-secure detention center and was released in July 1992, and the school board provided him with a tutor who came to his home, Ms. Perkins said. Shortly before Mr. Perkins shot Mr. Cooper, Ms. Perkins said that she had asked a Family Court judge to send Paris to a school upstate to keep him out of trouble.

After his arrest for murder, Paris's teacher at the Spofford Juvenile Detention Center wrote: "He's a pleasant and bright person who has the potential to do anything he puts his mind to. Paris could get away with a lot because he's so likable."


Vice: We Know Terrifyingly Little About How Cops in New York Track Cell Phones

For the past several years, police departments across America have been using a nifty new piece of technology to trace the location of suspects. IMSI-catchers—commonly known as “StingRays” after the most popular brand name—are small boxes that gather all cell signals in a given area by mimicking a cell phone tower. And they’ve grown increasingly popular even as the federal government has issued stricter guidelines as to where and how the technology should be used.

But thanks to bizarre non-disclosure agreements struck between the FBI and the manufacturer of the StingRay, the Harris Corporation, the devices are rarely entered into evidence as part of a criminal case. That often leads to prosecutions marred by glaring holes as to exactly how the cops knew where a person was located, defense lawyers argue. The New York Police Department and other law enforcement agencies are strictly barred from speaking about the use of StingRays, even under court order, and even if their use is central to prosecution.

“There are all these cases where the police just magically locate people, so the police will say we went looking and found this guy at a specific location,” said Joshua Insley, a defense attorney in Baltimore who’s been working on cases involving StingRays for the past several years. “Then you actually interview the defendant and he’ll say, ‘Yeah, my phone started ringing, it wouldn’t turn off, I didn’t have any service and all of a sudden the police were at my door’.”

Disturbances of cell service are often one of the first signs of a StingRay-assisted apprehension, according to Insley, but understanding the full scope of their use would require some level of cooperation by law enforcement. Lawyers and due process advocates have been fighting for years to get information on Stingrays and their use dished out to the public, with only occasional success.

Last week, the NYPD finally answered some parts of a Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) request by the New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) about the use of the StingRay. The documents released, which showed that the NYPD has used the StingRay more than 1,000 times since 2008, paint a portrait of a law enforcement agency that uses the stingRay to apprehend individuals suspected of committing serious crimes like murder but also more trivial infractions like a prank call to 9-1-1.

Of course, you shouldn’t bother asking New York’s finest or any other police department for specifics of why or how they use the StingRay. They’re not telling.

In a statement to VICE, the NYPD said that even though StingRays are capable of storing communications and collecting phone numbers of thousands of New Yorkers in a single go, the privacy of New Yorkers is not at risk. “What is at risk is the safety of New Yorkers, without the limited use of this technology to locate dangerous fugitives,” J. Peter Donald, the director of communications for the department, said in a statement.

While the documents released do show that New York police have used the StingRay to locate suspected murderers, rapists, and kidnappers, a litany of other charges have apparently merited the use of StingRays as well. These include money laundering, contempt of court, and identity theft.

“The scary thing about them is we really have no idea when they’re being used,” said Sid Thaxter, an attorney at the Bronx Defenders. “This is military grade technology being used on civilians and intentionally hidden from the judicial process. It is theoretically possible to uncover the use of IMSI catchers by looking at the circumstances of someone’s arrest or gaps in paperwork, but that is only guesswork.”

More than a hundred people have been arrested after a StingRay helped locate them in Bronx County over the past seven years, and Thaxter believes that at least a few of his office’s clients have been apprehended that way. Not that any mention of a StringRay ever comes up in court documents.

You have to look pretty hard to get even a vague sense these devices might be in play.

For example, last year, a Bronx man named Dominick Davis who was charged with murder filed a motion attempting to have his confession tossed after police officers used a series of cell phone “pings” to find his location. They did this without a warrant and failed to disclose to a judge the next morning that they had already “pinged” his phone. In testimony, the head of the NYPD’s Bronx Homicide Unit, Lieutenant William O’Toole, explained that the department will often proceed without a court order if officers need to locate an individual immediately, and that Davis was fairly easy to locate thanks to information provided by his cell phone company. But the NYPD was unclear about which cell phone company was contacted, instead focusing on the “pings” that were received from a cell phone tower.

It’s unclear whether a StingRay was actually used in Davis’s apprehension, but cases like this show just how fraught the distinction can be between lawful and unlawful action by police, especially when they’ve agreed to keep a tight lid on their technology.

In April, Detective Emmanuel Cabreja, a member of the Baltimore Police Department’s Advanced Technical Team, was called to testify in the trial of two people who had been tracked and apprehended with the help of a StingRay in 2013. The detective came to court with the FBI’s non-disclosure agreement in hand.

Joshua Insley asked Cabreja, “Does this document instruct you to withhold evidence from the state’s attorney and Circuit Court, even upon court order to produce?”

“Our understanding in Baltimore was that the StingRay was supposed to be of use in the most extreme circumstances, like terrorism. Who cares about the Fourth Amendment if you need to locate a bomb?” Insley told VICE. “But the first case I got was of an attempted robbery of a pizza delivery man. It’s now in use as a standard crime-fighting device, and there are tons of cases where the police just magically find someone.”

StingRays first gained wide use by police departments after passage of the 2001 Patriot Act, when “pen register orders,” also known as “trap and trace court orders,” began to proliferate in criminal investigations. Unlike the high privacy standards imposed on judicial warrants for surveillance, pen register orders only require any information obtained to likely be “relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation.” (Last year, though, the Department of Justice shifted its own policy to require that all federal agents get a judicial warrant to deploy a StingRay, and not just a pen register.)

That means the feds are adhering to a higher privacy standard than many local beat cops.

“The NYPD said to us that it doesn’t have a written policy, which is very concerning. This is a very powerful surveillance device, and if it’s going to be used, it should certainly be used with robust policies in place,” said Mariko Hirose, a senior staff attorney at the New York Civil Liberties Union. “In certain configurations, a StingRay can intercept the contents of communications and emails.”

Local cops, of course, tend to deny this.

“The NYPD does not capture the contents of communications, as the NYCLU stated,” Donald, the department spokesman, told VICE. “Furthermore, the NYPD does not and never has swept up information from cell phones nearby.”

Until there’s an actual policy in place for disclosing their use, or police departments divulge more about their new favorite toy, we’ll just have to take their word for it.


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